Tagalog Adjectives: Introduction

Beginning Tagalog 1 Grammar

Introduction

How do you compliment someone or describe something in Tagalog? How do you compare things? What do you say when you want to express how great a person is or how beautiful an object is?

This section will help you familiarize yourself with the different forms of adjectives which are a necessary part of your daily speech.

An adjective describes a noun. It is used to give extra information about a noun. Take for example the sentence “There is a cat.” Now what if I want to say something more about the cat? I might say “There is a fat cat.” The word fat is an adjective. It describes the noun cat. There are many adjectives in English: strongfastbeautifulthinfat, etc.

Tagalog also has adjectives that describe nouns.

Notice that there are three different degrees of an adjective in English. For example: fastfaster, and fastest.

There are also three degrees of adjectives in Tagalog: NeutralComparative, and Superlative. We will discuss all of these different kinds of adjectives.

The folk song on this page below uses some adjective forms. Listen to them, and take note of their usage.

  Leron, Leron Sinta 
Leron, leron sinta, buko ng papaya
Dala-dala'y buslo, sisidlan ng bunga    
Pagdating sa dulo, nabali ang sanga       
Kapus kapalaran humanap ng iba.
 
Halika na Neneng, tayo'y manampalok
Dalhin mo ang buslo, sisidlan ng hinog
Pagdating sa dulo'y uunda-undayog
Kumapit ka Neneng, baka ka mahulog.
 
Halika na Neneng at tayo'y magsimba       
At iyong isuot ang baro mo't saya           
Ang baro mo't sayang pagkaganda-ganda
Kayganda ng kulay- berde, puti, pula
 
Ako'y ibigin mo, lalaking matapang    
Ang baril ko'y pito, ang sundang ko'y siyam
Ang lalakarin ko'y parte ng dinulang      
Isang pinggang pansit ang aking kalaban