Tagalog Negation: The Negator HINDI

Beginning Tagalog 1 Grammar

The Negator HINDI

HINDI is generally used to negate nominal (NOM), adjectival (ADJ), and verbal (VBL) sentences. This is done by placing HINDI before the predicate,the structure being:

Negative (HINDI) + Predicate + Subject + Complement(s)

Here are some examples illustrating this structure:

NOMHindi Amerikano ang bisita.The visitor is not an American.
NOMHindi abogado ang lalaki.The man is not a lawyer.
ADJHindi maganda ang panahon.The weather is not good.
ADJHindi malayo ang bahay ko sa opisina.My house is not far from the office.
VBLHindi umuwi si Rey kahapon.Rey did not come home yesterday.
VBLHindi nag-aral para sa eksamen si Art.Art did not study for the exam.

When the subject or object or both are pronouns, they come immediately after the negator. If there are two or more pronouns, the shorter pro-form precedes the longer one(s). Otherwise, the complement(s) comes before the subject. Here are some examples:

NOMHindi siya Amerikano.He/She is not an American.
NOMHindi siya abogado.He is not a lawyer.
ADJHindi ito maganda.This is not good.
ADJHindi ito malayo sa opisina.This is not far from the office.
VBLHindi siya umuwi kahapon.He did not come home yesterday.
VBLHindi siya nag-aral nito.He did not study this.