Tagalog Non-Active Verbal Aspect: Instrumental Focus Verbs

Beginning Tagalog 2 Grammar

Instrumental-Focus Verbs

This page presents examples of the most common instrumental-focus verbs in their infinitive and different aspect forms.

IPANG- Verbs

RootInfinitiveCompletedIncompletedContemplated
hampasipanghampas
to use for hitting
ipinanghampasipinanghahampasipanghahampas
linisipanlinis
to use for cleaning
ipinanlinisipinanlilinisipanlilinis
talopipantalop
to use for peeling
ipinantalopipinantatalopipantatalop
Word Formation Rules:

Infinitive: Attach the prefix ipang– to the root word. *Some words undergo form changes that are not discussed here.

hampas -> ipanghampas

Completed:

(1) Take the infinitive. ipanghampas

(2) Insert the affix –in– after the first consonant.

ipanghampas -> ipinanghampas

Incompleted:

(1) Repeat the first (consonant) and vowel of the root word.

hampas -> hahampas

(2) Attach the prefix ipang– to the stem word.

hahampas > ipanghahampas

(3) Insert the affix –in– after the first consonant of the stem.

ipanghahampas -> ipinanghahampas

Contemplated:

(1) Repeat the first (consonant) and vowel of the root word.

hampas -> hahampas

(2) Attach the prefix ipang– to the stem word.

hahampas > ipanghahampas