Tagalog Sentence Expansion: Coordinating Conjunctions

Beginning Tagalog 2 Grammar

Coordinating Conjunctions

There are two kinds of conjunctions in Tagalog. The first kind is called a coordinating conjunction. This type of conjunction is used to add to a sentence an extra thought that is considered to be of equal importance as the first part of the sentence. For example, in the sentence “I got on the bus and waved to her” both parts of the sentence are of equal importance. It is as important for me to tell you that I got on the bus as it is for me to tell you that I waved to her.


AT
 (AND)

aso’t pusa
dog and cat
Sumakay ako sa bus at kinawayan ko siya.
I got on the bus and waved to her.
kape’t gatas
coffee and milk
Tumahol ang aso at natakot ang pusa.
The dog barked, and the cat got scared.
araw at gabi
day and night
Pumunta ako sa tindahan at bumili ng tsokolate.
I went to the store and bought some chocolate.

Note that sometimes AT can be abbreviated to ‘t.

O (OR)

si Aida o si Fe
Aida or Fe
Mag-aaral ka ba o matutulog?
Are you going to study or sleep?
kape o tsaa
coffee or tea
Umulan man o umaraw, darating ako.
Rain or shine, I will be there.
sapatos o tsinelas
shoes or slippers
Puwede tayong kumain sa labas o magpadeliver na lang.
We can eat out or have food delivered.

PERO/NGUNIT/SUBALIT/KAYA LANG (BUT)

Tumawag ako kaninang umaga pero wala ka.
I called this morning, but you were not there.
Masarap ang litson kaya lang nakakataba.
Roasted pig is delicious, but it’s fattening.
Inimbita ko siya sa aking kasal ngunit hindi siya dumalo.
I invited him to my wedding, but he didn’t show up.

KASI/DAHIL (BECAUSE (OF))

Umutang siya dahil wala siyang pera.
She borrowed some money because she didn’t have any.
Umalis na siya kasi ang tagal mo.
She left because you took so long to get here.
Sumaya ang mundo ni kuya dahil sa iyo.
My brother’s world brightened up because of you.