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Tagalog Pseudo-Verbs: Other Forms

Some More Pseudo-Verbs There is another set of pseudo-verbs in Tagalog. These are the ones that can come before an agent (doer of the action) that is either a NG-phrase/pronoun or an  ANG-phrase/pronoun. In other words, these pseudo-verbs can have the doer of the action as being either in focus or not in focus. The following are a few examples. Notice that there is a linker (-ng) attaRead More…

Tagalog Pseudo-Verbs: Introduction

Introduction Pseudo-verbs indicate some of the modalities (e.g., wants and obligations) expressed by modal verbs in English (e.g, can, may, should). This page presents some of the most common ones grouped according to their focuses. The word pseudo means false, so pseudo-verbs are “false verbs.” They are similar to regular verbs, but they behave a little diffRead More…

Tagalog Requests

Requests Requests are expressed in Tagalog by adding the prefix PAKI- to the verb root or verb stem followed by the second person NG (non focused)-pronoun, mo (you-singular) or ninyo (you-plural). The prefix PAKI- is similar to the word please in English.Adding either of the enclitic particles nga and naman “softens” the request further.Here are some examples representative ofRead More…

Tagalog Commands

Commands Commands or straightforward orders/directions are expressed in Tagalog by using the infinitive form of the verb followed by the appropriate second person pronoun (e.g., ka, kayo, mo, ninyo).Adding either of the enclitic particles nga and naman “softens” the command. That is, the particle makes the order sound more like a request. Here are a few examples representative of the Read More…

Tagalog Time Indicators: Days and Months and Seasons

Days and Months and Seasons Mga Araw ng Linggo (Days of the Week) LunesMondayMay klase ako tuwing Lunes ng hapon.I have a class on Monday afternoons.MartesTuesdayNagtatrabaho ako tuwing Martes.I work on Tuesdays.MiyerkolesWednesdayKaarawan ko sa Miyerkoles.My birthday is on Wednesday.HuwebesThursdayMay test kami sa Huwebes.We have a test on Thursday.BiyernesFridayLuluwas ako sa Maynila sa Read More…

Tagalog Time Indicators: Telling Time

Telling Time There are a number of ways of telling time in Tagalog. Tagalog speakers can choose to use English numbers, Spanish numbers, or native Tagalog numbers when telling time. Numbers borrowed from Spanish are the most widely used forms in expressing time of day. Among young people, English numbers appear to be the preference. Only in very formal situations, where Tagalog is the specifRead More…

Tagalog Time Indicators: Future

Future Tense Indicator The future time indicators are associated with the contemplated aspect of the verbs and, therefore, are closely tied with future tense. This section presents some of the most common expressions indicating particular points/sections in the future. These time indicators are grouped according to how near or far they are in the future based on the Tagalog timeline. FuturRead More…

Tagalog Time Indicators: Present

Present Tense Indicators Present tense indicators are associated with incomplete and/or progressive events/actions. These indicators are grouped according to the contexts they are closely tied to: simple (present) imperfect and habitual action.Ngayon is the most common indicator of present tense expressing simple (present) imperfect. It encodes three different sections/points in time:(1) NgaRead More…