THAI DICTIONARY PART 6
Words
ตระหนัก Through ทรมาน
 

Word: ตระหนัก

Short Definition:

V. to realize, to be certain, to be sure.

English Definition:

V. to realize, to be certain, to be sure.

Examples:

เธอยังไม่ตะหนักถึงอันตรายที่จะมาข้างหน้า She did not realize the dangers ahead.

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Word: ตรัสรู้

Short Definition:

V. to enlighten, to be enlightened.

English Definition:

V. to enlighten, to be enlightened.

L2 Definition:

(ตรัด-สะ-รู้)

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Word: ตรา

Short Definition:

N. V. a mark, a stamp; a badge, a cross; to mark down, to note, to imprint.

English Definition:

N. V. 1. a mark, a seal, a stamp, a device, a crest, a hallmark; 2. a badge, a decoration, a cross; 3. to mark down, to note, to record, to imprint, to impress.

L2 Definition:

ตราจอง-a certificate of land ownership issued by the Umphur prior to the title deed (โฉนด) issued by the land office of the local district; ตราแผ่นดิน- the seal of the kingdom or of the reigning kind; ตีตรา- to set or affix a seal, to mark with a stamp, to fasten with a seal or seals.

Examples:

เขาประทับตราประจำตำแหน่งของเขา He affixed his seal (his stamp) of office. นี่คือตราประจำตระกูลของเรา This is our family's coat of arms. เหตุการณ์ตราตรึงอยู่ในหัวใจของเขาอย่างลึกซึ้ง The events were deeply imprinted (impressed) on his mind.

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Word: ตราบใด

Short Definition:

as long as.

English Definition:

as long as.

Examples:

ตราบใดที่คุณพ่อเธอมีชีวิตอยู่ เธอก็จะเป็นโสดอยู่ตราบนั้น She will remain single as long as her father lives.

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Word: ตราบที่

Short Definition:

to the extent that, as far as, as much as; so far, as long as.

English Definition:

to the extent that, as far as, as much as; so far, as long as.

L2 Definition:

Syn. เท่าที่

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Word: ตรี

Short Definition:

N. eleg. three.

English Definition:

N. eleg. three.

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Word: ตรึง

Short Definition:

V. eleg. to be held in place, fixed (to); to nail down (to the floor).

English Definition:

V. eleg. to be held in place, fixed (to); to nail down (to the floor).

Examples:

คานตรึงไว้กับเสาด้วยสลักและแป้นเกลียว The beam was fixed to the post by bolts and nuts. เขายืนนิ่งราวกับถูกตรึง (ตรึงตรา) He stood still as if transfixed (stood stockstill). ความกรุณาของเขาตรึงใจเธออย่างลึกซึ้ง His kindness deeply impressed her.

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Word: ตลบ

Short Definition:

V. to cast, reverse, turn back, be diffused; Adj. turned, tossed, or titled.

English Definition:

V. 1. to cast (a net); 2. to reverse, turn back, to be diffused (as smoke or odours); Adj. 3. turned, tossed, or titled (up and forward from the back).

L2 Definition:

(ตะ-หลบ)

Examples:

เขาตลบนกขณะที่มันลงกินเข้าในนา He netted the birds while they were eating grain in the filed. เธอตลบผมไปข้างหลัง She threw back her hair.

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Word: ตลอด

Short Definition:

Prep. through, throughout, all over.

English Definition:

Prep. 1. through, throughout, all over.

L2 Definition:

(ตะ-หลอด) Syn. ทั่ว ทั่วถึง

Examples:

มีข้อความพาดพิงถึงการเมืองของไทยตลอดเล่มหนังสือ There are references of Thai politics throughout the book. เขาป่วยเจ็บตลอดปี He has been ill throughout the year. ตลอดระยะเวลานั้นฝนไม่ตกเลย Throughout that period there was no rain. ผมเกรงว่า เขาจะทำงานนี้ไปไม่ตลอดรอดฝั่ง I am afraid he will not carry this work through (carry this work to the end). เมื่อเวลาเคราะห์ดีทุกสิ่งทุกอย่างย่อมตลอดปลอดโปร่งไปหมด When you are in luck, all roads are clear.

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Word: ตลอดจน

Short Definition:

Prep. including; (extending) all the way to; even to (what is specified).

English Definition:

Prep. 1. including; 2. (extending) all the way to; thoroughly; 3. even to (what is specified).

L2 Definition:

(ตะ-หลอด-จน) Syn. ตลอดถึง

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Word: ตลอดจนกระทั่ง

Short Definition:

including.

English Definition:

including.

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Word: ตลอดถึง

Short Definition:

Prep. including; (extending) all the way to; even to (what is specified).

English Definition:

Prep. 1. including; 2. (extending) all the way to; thoroughly; 3. even to (what is specified).

L2 Definition:

Syn. ตลอดจน

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Word: ตลอดไป

Short Definition:

on and on, all the time; forever.

English Definition:

on and on, all the time; forever.

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Word: ตลอดมา

Short Definition:

continuously, all the time.

English Definition:

continuously, all the time.

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Word: ตลอดวัน

Short Definition:

all day.

English Definition:

all day.

Examples:

แว่นตาวางอยู่บนโต๊ะตลอดวัน The spectacles remained on the table all day.

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Word: ตลาด

Short Definition:

N. market.

English Definition:

N. market.

L2 Definition:

(ตะ-หลาด) ขายทอดตลาด- to auction off goods, to hold an auction; เจ้าตลาด- a tax collector for market stalls; ตลาดนัด- a day appointed for marketing or bartering edibles or garden produce, market day.

Examples:

เธอไปตลาดทุกวัน She goes to the maket everyday. ชายสองคนกำลังหามหมูไปตลาด Two men were carrying a pig to the market.

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Word: ตลาดต่างประเทศ

Short Definition:

N. foreign market.

English Definition:

N. foreign market.

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Word: ตลาดนัด

Short Definition:

N. a speicial market similar to a farmer's market.

English Definition:

N. a special market similar to a farmer's market, a market held at a stated time and place, a week-end market, if held during the weekend.

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Word: ตลาดน้ำ

Short Definition:

N. a floating market where people come by boat to buy and sell.

English Definition:

N. a floating market where people come by boat to buy and sell, especially the one on the west bank of Bangkok, which has become a famous sight for tourists. It is located in the province of Rachaburi. The name of the floating market is "Dumnern Saduak floating market"

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Word: ตลิ่ง

Short Definition:

N. bank (of a river, canal).

English Definition:

N. bank (of a river, canal).

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Word: ตวง

Short Definition:

V. to dip, ladle, scoop; to measure; to sell.

English Definition:

V. 1. to dip, to ladle, to scoop; 2. to measure (the volume of- by scooping up or dipping up in a container of standard capacity); 3. to sell.

Examples:

แกตวงน้ำแกงจากหม้อมาใสชาม She dipped soup out of a pot into a bowl. โปรดตวงข้าวจากกระสอบมาสามกระป๋อง Please measure off three tins of rice from the sack. ชาวนาเริ่มตวงข้าวใหม่ในเดือนกุมภาพันธ์ The farmers begin to seel their new crops in February.

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Word: ตอ

Short Definition:

N. a stump, a snag, a fixed or rooted remnant of anything.

English Definition:

N. a stump, a snag, a fixed or rooted remnant of anything.

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Word: ตอน

Short Definition:

V. to castrate; C. part, section (of space or time); when, at the time.

English Definition:

V. 1. to castrate, to use the gootee method of layering or marcottage; C. 2. part, section (of space or time); 3. when, at the time.

L2 Definition:

Syn. เมื่อ

Examples:

ตอนบนของบ้านทำด้วยไม้ The upper part of the house was built of wood. เรื่องตอนต่อไปจะลงพิมพ์ในวันจันทร์ The next installment of the story will be printed on Monday. ความตอนนี้คลุมเครือ The meaning of this passage is obscure. ผมจะกลับมาตอนสาย ๆ I shall return later in the morning.

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Word: ตอนกลางคืน

Short Definition:

N. nighttime; at nighttime.

English Definition:

N. 1. nighttime; 2. at nighttime.

Examples:

อย่าออกไปไหนตอนกลางคืน Don't go outside at night.

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Word: ตอนกลางวัน

Short Definition:

N. daytime.

English Definition:

N. daytime.

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Word: ตอนค่ำ

Short Definition:

N. (in the) evening, (at) night.

English Definition:

N. (in the) evening, (at) night.

Examples:

ผมจะกลับมาตอนค่ำ ๆ I shall return later in the evening.

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Word: ตอนเช้า

Short Definition:

in the morning.

English Definition:

in the morning.

Examples:

ตอนเช้าผมจะมาหาคุณ I will come to see you tomorrow morning.

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Word: ตอนเช้า ๆ

Short Definition:

early in the morning.

English Definition:

early in the morning.

Examples:

ตอนเช้า ๆ ผมจะมารับ I'll (come) pick you up early in the morning.

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Word: ตอนดึก

Short Definition:

N. the dead of the night; late at night.

English Definition:

N. 1. the dead of the night; 2. late at night.

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Word: ตอนไถตอนหว่าน

Short Definition:

N. elab. plowing and sowing time, planting time.

English Definition:

N. elab. plowing and sowing time, planting time.

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Word: ตอนที่

Short Definition:

Adv. the time when.

English Definition:

Adv. the time when.

Examples:

เขามาถึงที่นี่ตอนที่ผมกำลังนอนอยู่ He arrived here at the time when I was sleeping.

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Word: ตอนเที่ยง

Short Definition:

N. noontime, at noontime.

English Definition:

N. noontime, at noontime.

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Word: ตอนนั้น

Short Definition:

that time, that part.

English Definition:

that time, that part.

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Word: ตอนนี้

Short Definition:

this time.

English Definition:

this time.

Examples:

ตอนนี้เวลาราว ๆ บ่ายสามโมง At this time, it's is about three o'clock in the afternoon.

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Word: ตอนบ่าย

Short Definition:

in the afternoon; N. the afternoon.

English Definition:

1. in the afternoon; N. 2. the afternoon.

Examples:

ตอนบ่ายเราจะออกไปข้างนอกกัน In the afternoon, we will go outside. วันนี้เราจะมีการประชุมในตอนบ่าย Today we will have a meeting in the afternoon.

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Word: ตอนพลบ

Short Definition:

N. twilight, dusk; at dusk.

English Definition:

N. 1. twilight, dusk; 2. at dusk.

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Word: ตอนเพล

Short Definition:

the section of time between 11:00 A.M. and 12:00 noon when monks take a meal.

English Definition:

the section of time between 11,00 A.M. and 12,00 noon, the time that monks take a meal for the last time in a particular day.

Examples:

สมภารกร่างฉันเข้าตอนเพลเวลาสิบเอ็ดโมงเช้า Abbot Krang eats the second (and final) meal at 11,00 A.M.

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Word: ตอนโพล้เพล้

Short Definition:

N. twilight, dusk.

English Definition:

N. twilight, dusk.

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Word: ตอนเริ่มต้น

Short Definition:

N. (at) the beginning.

English Definition:

N. (at) the beginning.

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Word: ตอนแรก

Short Definition:

N. the first part, the beginning part; at first.

English Definition:

N. 1. the first part, the beginning part; 2. at first.

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Word: ตอนสาง

Short Definition:

dawn, at dawn.

English Definition:

dawn, at dawn.

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Word: ตอนหลัง

Short Definition:

N. in the later period, later on.

English Definition:

N. in the later period, later on.

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Word: ตอบ

Short Definition:

V. to answer, to reply; sV. in answer, in response; Adj. V. drawn in, haggard.

English Definition:

V. 1. to answer, to reply; sV. 2. in answer, in response; 3. Adj. V. drawn in, haggard, sunken.

L2 Definition:

ตอบแทนคุณ (to reply to a kindness, to reimbuse, to remmunerate, to make return for a kindness).

Examples:

คุณยังไม่ได้ตอบคำถามของผม You have not answered my question. เขายังไม่ได้ตอบจดหมายเธอ He has not yet answered (has not yet replied to) her letter. แก้มของเขาตอบ His cheeks were sunken.

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Word: ตอบแทน

Short Definition:

V. to reward, to repay.

English Definition:

V. to reward, to repay.

Examples:

เขาได้รับเงินจำนวนหนึ่งเป็นการตอบแทน He has received a sum of money as (for) compensation. เรายังไม่ได้ตอบแทนเขาในการที่เขาช่วยเหลือ We have not remunerated him (rewarded him) for his services.

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Word: ตอบสนอง

Short Definition:

V. to reward, repay.

English Definition:

V. to reward, repay.

L2 Definition:

(ตอบ-สะ-หนอง)

Examples:

เขาได้รับเงินจำนวนหนื่งเป็นการตอบสนอง He has received a sum of money as a reward.

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Word: ตอม

Short Definition:

V. to fly around, swarm around (as annoying flies, or insects).

English Definition:

V. to fly around, swarm around (as annoying flies, or insects).

Examples:

พวกนั้นมากันตอมเขาเพื่อขอโน่นขอนี่ They plagued him for favours (favors). เขาถูกพวกผู้หญิงตอม He was beset be the ladies.

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Word: ต่อ

Short Definition:

V. to join, connect, continue; sV. further, next; to, towards; when, at the time

English Definition:

V. 1. to join, connect; 2. to continue; sV. 3. further, next; 4. to, towards; Cj. 5. when, at the time that.

L2 Definition:

ต่อนี้ไป (from now on, henceforth, henceforward), ต่อไป, ต่อไปนี้ (more in advance, further, additional, moreover), ต่อรอง (to give a handicap), ต่อราคา (to bargain for, to beat down in price), ติดต่อ (to be contiguous, to connect with, to join onto, to be in juxtaposition), ต่อหน้า (in front of, before the face, in the presence of, opposite to), ต่อสู้(to withstand, antagonize or fight against, to resist (as when being arrested)), ผู้เป็นต่อ (the winner).

Examples:

เขาต่อท่อนไม้ไว้ด้วยกาว He joined the wooden blocks with glue. ถนนสองฟากแม่น้ำต่อกันด้วยอุโมงค์. The roads on both banks of the river were connected by a tunnel. คุณต่อตาต้นไม้เป็นไหม Do you know how to graft a bud? ผมอยากจะต่อบ้านออกไปอีกสักห้องหนึ่ง I want to add another room to the house. เขาต่อกำหนดเวลาออกไปอีกสามวัน He prolonged the time limit another three days. เรื่องนี้ยังมีต่อ This story is to be continued. มหาวิทยาลัยจุฬาลงกรณ์ ชนะสามประตู ต่อศูนย์ Chulalongkorn University won by three goals to nil.

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Word: ต่องแต่ง

Short Definition:

V. (to swing, sway, dangle) to and fro; Adj. oscillating, swaying.

English Definition:

V. (to swing, sway, dangle) to and fro; Adj. oscillating, swaying.

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Word: ต่อจากนั้น

Short Definition:

after that.

English Definition:

after that.

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Word: ต่อจากนั้นมา

Short Definition:

after that, from then on.

English Definition:

after that, from then on.

Examples:

ต่อจากนั้นมา เขาก็ไม่มาสายอีก After that, he was never late.

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Word: ต่อชั่วโมง

Short Definition:

per hour.

English Definition:

per hour.

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Word: ต่อต้าน

Short Definition:

V. to resist, to counter.

English Definition:

V. to resist, to counter.

Examples:

ต่อต้านคอมมิวนิสต์กันให้หมด ไม่ว่าพระไม่ว่าสงฆ์ Everybody should resist communism, regardless that you're a monk.

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Word: ต่อนี้ไป

Short Definition:

from now on, henceforth.

English Definition:

from now on, henceforth.

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Word: ต่อเนื่อง

Short Definition:

V. to continue, to go on, to proceed, to succeed.

English Definition:

V. to continue, to go on, to proceed, to succeed.

Examples:

ผู้ที่ทำงานต่อเนื่องจากเขาไม่ได้ความ The man who succeeds him is no good.

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Word: ต่อปี

Short Definition:

per year.

English Definition:

per year.

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Word: ต่อไป

Short Definition:

sV. next, following, later on (in time);next, further on (in time).

English Definition:

V. 1. next, following, continue on; 2. next, further on (in time).

Examples:

เมื่อพ้นจากอายุ 60 แล้วเขายังทำงานต่อไปอีก He continued to work after the age of 60.

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Word: ต่อไปนั้น

Short Definition:

after that, from now on.

English Definition:

after that, from now on.

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Word: ต่อไปนี้

Short Definition:

from now on; following, as follows.

English Definition:

from now on; following, as follows.

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Word: ต่อไปอีก

Short Definition:

furthermore.

English Definition:

furthermore.

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Word: ต่อมา

Short Definition:

sV. next, following, later on (in time); next, further on (in space).

English Definition:

sV. 1. next, following, later on (in time); 2. next, further on ( in space); 3. on (i.e. in continuation).

Examples:

สองวันต่อมา กำนันก็เรียกประชุมลูกบ้านที่วัดไผ่แดง Two days later, Kamnan called for a meeting of the villagers at the Phai Dang temple.

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Word: ต่อมาอีกวันหนึ่ง

Short Definition:

the next day, the following day.

English Definition:

the next day, the following day.

Examples:

ต่อมาอีกวันหนึ่ง กำนันก็เรียกประชุมลูกบ้านที่วัดไผ่แดง The next day, Kamnan called for a meeting of the villagers at the Phai Dang temple.

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Word: ต่อเมื่อ

Short Definition:

when.

English Definition:

when.

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Word: ต่อย

Short Definition:

V. to strike; to box, fight with fists; to sting (of insects).

English Definition:

V. 1. to strike; 2. to box, fight with fists; 3. to sting (of insects).

Examples:

ผมกำลังเรียนต่อยมวย I am learning boxing (learning fisticuffs). ตัวต่อต่อยผมเข้าแล้ว A wasp stung me.

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Word: ต่อยมวย

Short Definition:

V. to box, fight with fists.

English Definition:

V. to box, fight with fists.

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Word: ต่อรอง

Short Definition:

V. to bargain.

English Definition:

V. to bargain.

Examples:

เขาใช้เวลาต่อรองกันอยู่นาน They spent a long time bargaining.

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Word: ต่อราคา

Short Definition:

V. to bargain.

English Definition:

V. to bargain.

Examples:

ร้านเราขายของราคาตายตัว เราไม่ยอมให้มีการต่อราคา We are a one-price shop, we don't allow bargaining. ผู้หญิงชอบต่อราคา Women like to bargain.

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Word: ต่อเรือขาย

Short Definition:

V. to build boats to sell.

English Definition:

V. to build boats to sell.

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Word: ต่อล้อต่อเถียง

Short Definition:

V. elab. to argue.

English Definition:

V. elab. to argue.

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Word: ต่อสู้

Short Definition:

V. to resist, stand up against, combat, oppose; to fight, battle.

English Definition:

V. 1. to resist, stand up against, combat, oppose; 2. to fight, battle.

Examples:

เขาต่อสู้กันอย่างถึงพริกถึงขิง They fought doughtily (fought hammer and tongs, fought tooth and nail, fought like kilkenny cats).

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Word: ต่อหน้า

Short Definition:

in the presence of, in front of.

English Definition:

in the presence of, in front of.

L2 Definition:

ต่อหน้าต่อตา

Examples:

นักเรียนโกงข้อสอบต่อหน้าคุณครู The student were cheating the exam in the presense of the teacher.

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Word: ต่อให้

Short Definition:

V. to give an advantage, a head start.

English Definition:

V. to give an advantage, a head start.

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Word: ต้อง

Short Definition:

AA. have to, must, is to be; V. to touch, catch, get (usua. in figurative sense)

English Definition:

AA. 1. have to, must, is to be; V. 2. to touch, catch, get (usually in figurative sense).

L2 Definition:

Syn. จง ต้องการ (to be in want, or in need), ความต้องการ (destitution), ต้องคดี (to be sued, to be prosecuted, to be tried at law), ต้องใจ (to like, to be pleased with), ต้องตา (to be attractive, to be pleasing to the eyes), ต้องโทษ (to require punishment as a penalty, punishable), ต้องหา (to be charged with a crime, to be the defendant in a suit, to be blamed with).

Examples:

ก่อนจะลงมือปฏิบัติการ เราจะต้องดูสถานการณ์ทั่ว ๆ ไปเสียก่อน Before acting, we must have an overall (a general, a comprehensive) view of the situation first. ภาพถ่ายนี้เป็นที่ต้องตาต้องใจมาก This photo is very pleasing. คำพูดของเขาไม่ต้องด้วยเหตุผล His words are not in accord (not consistent) with reason. แกต้องการอะไรที่ี่นี่ What do you want here?

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Word: ต้องการ

Short Definition:

V. to want, need, require; AA. want to, wish to.

English Definition:

V. 1. to want, need, require; AA. 2. want to, wish to.

Examples:

เขาต้องการความช่วยเหลือ He requires help. ผมต้องการจะให้เธออยู่ที่นี้ I wish you would remain here.

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Word: ต้องมี

Short Definition:

V. to have, must have.

English Definition:

V. to have, must have.

Examples:

เราต้องมีแสงสว่างเพื่อดำรงชีวิต We must have light to support life.

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Word: ต้องลักต้องขโมย

Short Definition:

V. elab. to steal, rob.

English Definition:

V. elab. to steal, rob.

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Word: ต้องหาบต้องหาม

Short Definition:

V. elab. to carry (implying hardship).

English Definition:

V. elab. to carry (implying hardship).

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Word: ต้อนรับ

Short Definition:

V. to welcome, to receive (e.g. guests).

English Definition:

V. to welcome, to receive (e.g. guests).

Examples:

พระราชอาคันตุกะ ได้รับถวายการต้อนรับอย่างมโหฬาร The royal visitors were received in a grand manner. ผมขอต้อนรับคุณด้วยความยินดี I gladly welcome you. เขาต้อนรับผมด้วยความเต็มอกเต็มใจ He gave me a hearty welcome. เจ้าบ้านทั้งคู่ยืนตอบรับแขกอยู่ที่ประตู The host and hostess stood at the door to receive the guest.

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Word: ตะกร้อ

Short Definition:

N. a Thai game played with a rattan ball; it is also known as SEPAK RAGA.

English Definition:

N. 1. a Thai game played with a rattan ball; it is also known as SEPAK RAGA; 2. a basket made of rattan strips with a long handle for picking fruits from a tree.

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Word: ตะกร้า

Short Definition:

N. a basket.

English Definition:

N. a basket.

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Word: ตะกรุด

Short Definition:

N. amulet, talisman.

English Definition:

N. amulet, talisman.

L2 Definition:

"Magic jewellery," charms or amulets. These consist of hollow brass, lead or silver cylinders containing small tightly rolled pieces of cloth, marked with cabalistic designs, symbols and letterings. These are strung on a small cord and worn around the waist, or as necklaces or armlets. They are believed to protect the wearer against injury from all forms of weapons.

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Word: ตะกุกตะกัก

Short Definition:

sV. brokenly, stutteringly (of speaking).

English Definition:

sV. brokenly, stutteringly (of speaking).

Examples:

"แต่ฉันไม่เข้าใจ...กำนันเจิมทำกับฉันทำไม...?" แกว่นถามตะกุกตะกักอย่างหัวเสีย "But I don't understand... why is Kamnon doing this to me...?" Kwaen asks stuttering as if he's losing his head (temper).

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Word: ตะเกียง

Short Definition:

N. a lamp, lantern.

English Definition:

N. a lamp, lantern.

Examples:

เขาบิดตะเกียงน้ำมันให้สว่างขึ้นอีกหน่อย He turned (the knob on) the oil lamp to brighten it up just a little.

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Word: ตะโกน

Short Definition:

V. to shout, to yell.

English Definition:

V. to shout, to yell.

Examples:

เขาตะโกนให้ช่วย He shouted for help. ใครตะโกนเรียกฉัน Who is hollering for me?

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Word: ตะขิดตะขวง

Short Definition:

V. to feel uneasy, to be shameful.

English Definition:

V. to feel uneasy, to be shameful.

Examples:

เขารู้สึกตะขิดตะขวงที่จะรับของขวัญทั้งนี้ He was reluctant to accept the gift.

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Word: ตะคุ่ม

Short Definition:

Adv. indistinctly, faintly (visible).

English Definition:

Adv. indistinctly, faintly (visible).

Examples:

ผมเห็นเรือตะคุ่ม ๆ อยู่ในระยะไกล I saw a ship looming in the distance. ภูเขาเห็นเป็นเงาตะคุ่ม ๆ อยู่ข้างหน้า The mountains loom in front. เราเห็นแต่เงาตะคุ่ม ๆ We only saw an indistinct shadow.

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Word: ตะไคร้

Short Definition:

N. lemon grass.

English Definition:

N. lemon grass.

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Word: ตะปู

Short Definition:

N. a nail (for carpentry), a tag, a spike.

English Definition:

N. a nail (for carpentry), a tag, a spike.

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Word: ตะพด

Short Definition:

N. a rod, a stick, a cane.

English Definition:

N. a bamboo spiked stick about a meter long, having a cord attached to the end, a goad (used by farmers), a stick, a cane, a rod.

Examples:

ก่อนที่ตาเทิ้มจะลงลายมือได้ กำนันต้องเอาตะพดเคาะหัวตั้งหลายที Kamnon had to bang Therm's head with a cane several times before Therm agreed to sign (the paper). ถ้าแกมาที่นี่อีก แกจะโดนตะพด If you come here again, you will get the rod.

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Word: ตะเพิด

Short Definition:

V. to scare off, chase away by making a noise or by shouting.

English Definition:

V. to scare off, chase away by making a noise or by shouting.

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Word: ตะราง

Short Definition:

N. jail, prison.

English Definition:

N. jail, prison.

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Word: ตะรุเตา

Short Definition:

N. Tarutao National Park.

English Definition:

N. Tarutao National Park, Thailand's first national marine park, is located in Tambon Sarai, Amphoe Muang, Satun Province.

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Word: ตะลุมพุก

Short Definition:

N. a wooden mallet fitted with a handle, used for pounding paddy in a mortar.

English Definition:

N. a wooden mallet fitted with a handle, used for pounding paddy in a mortar.

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Word: ตะวัน

Short Definition:

N. eleg. the sun.

English Definition:

N. eleg. the sun.

L2 Definition:

(Syn. อาทิตย์, พระอาทิตย์) ตะวันออก (east), ตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ (northeast), ตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ (southeast), ตะวันตกเฉียงเหนือ (northwest), ตะวันตกเฉียงใต้ (southwest), ตะวันออกกลาง (the Middle East).

Examples:

ดอกไม้บางชนิดหันไปทางตะวัน Some flowers turn towards the sun. เราจะต้องรอจนกระทั่งตะวันตกดิน We must wait until sunset (until the sun has set). ลมพัดมาจากตะวันออก The wind blows from the east. พอตะวันยอแสง ดวงดาวก็เริ่มระยับ At dusk, the stars begin to twinkle.

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Word: ตะวันตก

Short Definition:

Western, the West.

English Definition:

Western, the West.

Examples:

ในปัจจุบันตะวันออกไม่เป็นความลึกลับอะไรต่อตะวันตกอีกแล้ว At present (Nowadays, Today) the East is no longer a mystery to the West. เรือบ่ายหน้าไปสู่ตะวันตก Ths ship sailed towards the west.

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Word: ตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ

Short Definition:

N. northeast.

English Definition:

N. northeast.

Examples:

โคราชเป็นประตูไปสู่ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือของประเทศไทย Korat is the gateway to Northeast Thailand.

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Word: ตัก

Short Definition:

N. the lap; V. to dip (scoop) up.

English Definition:

N. the lap; V. to dip (scoop) up.

L2 Definition:

การตัก (the act of dipping out with a spoon or any utensil), ตักบาตร (to put food in the bowls of Buddhist priests in the morning).

Examples:

ฉันอยากจะนั่งตักคุณ I want to sit on your lap. ระวังอย่าให้น้ำแกงหกเวลาตัก Be careful the soup does not spill while you are dipping it up.

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Word: ตั๊กแตน

Short Definition:

N. a grasshopper.

English Definition:

N. a grasshopper.

L2 Definition:

(ตั๊ก-กะ-แตน)

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Word: ตักเตือน

Short Definition:

V. to advise, caution, admonish, consel, advise.

English Definition:

V. to advise, caution, admonish, consel, advise.

Examples:

เขาตักเตือนไม่ให้ผมไปหาเธอ He warned me against visiting her. ผมอยากจะตักเตือนคุณสักหน่อย I want to give you a word of caution. คำตักเตือนของเขาไม่ได้ประโยชน์ His counsel is useless. เขาได้รับคำตักเตือนที่เหลวไหล He was badly advised.

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Word: ตักบาตร

Short Definition:

V. religious act of giving food to a Buddhist priest.

English Definition:

V. religious act of giving food to a Buddhist priest, to put food in the bowls of Buddhist priests in the morning.

L2 Definition:

(ตัก-บาด)

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Word: ตักบาตรเทโว

Short Definition:

N. Tak Bat Devo, offering of food and flowers to the procession of monks.

English Definition:

N. Tak Bat Devo, offering of food and flowers to the procession of monks descending from the hilltop.

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Word: ตั้ง

Short Definition:

as many as, as much as, all of; to set, place, set up, erect, establish, settle.

English Definition:

1. as many as, as much as, all of; V. 2. to set, place, set up, erect, establish; 3. to settle, to locate; 4. to appoint.

L2 Definition:

ตั้งไข่ (to train an infant to stand (generally accompanied by a nursery song)), ตั้งครรภ์ (to be impregnated, to become pregnant), ตั้งใจ (to fix the mind upon, to intend, to purpose, to contemplate accomplishing), ตั้งแต่ (from, since the...), ตั้งต้น, เริ่มทำ, ขึ้นต้น (to begin, to commence), ตั้งราคา (to assess), ตั้งหน้า (to set the face towards, to determine, to intend).

Examples:

เขาตั้งค่ายอยู่นอกเมือง They set up camp outside the town. เรากำลังตั้งเสาอากาศ We are erecting the antenna mast. สภากาชาดตั้งขึ้นเมื่อร้อยกว่าปีมาแล้ว The Red Cross was established more than a hundred years ago. รัฐบาลตั้งชื่อถนนนี้ใหม่ The Goverment renamed the street. เรามาตั้งต้นกันเดี๋ยวนี้แหละ Let us begin right now. ผมเสียเงินไปตั้งพัน I lost as much money as a thousand (I lost a cool thousand). โปรดตั้งสติของคุณไว้ Please compose yourself.

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Word: ตั้งกรุ

Short Definition:

colloq. a lot.

English Definition:

colloq. a lot.

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Word: ตั้งขึ้น

Short Definition:

V. to build up, establish.

English Definition:

V. to build up, establish.

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Word: ตั้งใจ

Short Definition:

V. to intend; AA. intend to.

English Definition:

V. 1. to intend; AA. 2. intend to.

Examples:

เขาตั้งใจจะทำงานไปให้ตลอด He was determined to go through with the task. อันที่จริงผมก็ตั้งใจจะมาคุยกับท่านสมภาร Actually, I have come with the intent to talk to you, Abbot.

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Word: ตั้งชื่อ

Short Definition:

V. to name.

English Definition:

V. to name.

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Word: ตั้งต้น

Short Definition:

V. to start, begin.

English Definition:

V. to start, begin.

Examples:

โรงงานของเรายังมิได้ตั้งต้นทำงาน Our factory has not commenced operation yet.

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Word: ตั้งแต่

Short Definition:

Adv. Prep. Con. from (such and such a time or starting point), since.

English Definition:

Adv. Prep. Con. from (such and such a time or starting point), since.

L2 Definition:

ตั้งแต่ ... ไปจนถึง (from ... to ...).

Examples:

ผมมาอยู่ในกรุงเทพ ฯ ตั้งแต่เดือนเมษาที่แล้วมา I have been in Bangkok since last April. เขาเลวตั้งแต่ต้นจนจบ He was bad from beginning to end. ตั้งแต่กรุงเทพ ฯ ถึงระนอง ถนนดีตลอด The road is good from Bangkok to Ranong. เขาคัดค้านรัฐบาลมาตั้งแต่ต้นทีเดียว He opposed the government from the very beginning.

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Word: ตั้งแต่ไก่โห่

Short Definition:

Adj. Adv. early (in the morning).

English Definition:

Adj. Adv. early (in the morning).

Examples:

เขามาที่ตั้งแต่ไก่โห่ He came here early in the morning.

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Word: ตั้งแต่นั้น

Short Definition:

since then.

English Definition:

since then.

Examples:

เขาไม่พูดกับผมตั้งแต่วันนั้นเป็นต้นมา He did not speak to me since that day.

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Word: ตั้งแต่นั้นมา

Short Definition:

since then, from then on.

English Definition:

since then, from then on.

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Word: ตั้งท่า

Short Definition:

V. to act, pose.

English Definition:

V. to act, pose.

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Word: ตั้งเป็นนาน

Short Definition:

quite a long time.

English Definition:

quite a long time.

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Word: ตั้งไฟ

Short Definition:

V. to put on the stove.

English Definition:

V. to put on the stove.

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Word: ตั้งแยะ

Short Definition:

colloq. quite a lot.

English Definition:

colloq. quite a lot.

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Word: ตั้งไว้

Short Definition:

V. to set.

English Definition:

V. to set.

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Word: ตั้งหน้ากล้อง

Short Definition:

V. to set lens opening.

English Definition:

V. to set lens opening.

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Word: ตั้งอยู่

Short Definition:

V. to be situated, located.

English Definition:

V. to be situated, located.

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Word: ตัด

Short Definition:

V. to cut, to sever, to hew (as wood).

English Definition:

V. to cut, to sever, to hew (as wood).

L2 Definition:

ตัดใจ (to make a decision against one's wish), ตัดปัญหา (to get around (a problem), to cut the Gordian knot), ตัดพ้อ (to take to task, to reprove), ตัดเสื้อ (to make a dress), ตัดศีรษะ, ตัดหัว (to behead, to decapitate, to execute).

Examples:

มาเลเซียตัดสัมพันธ์ทางทูตกับอินโดนีเซีย Malaysia severed diplomatic relations with Indonesia. เขากำลังตัดไม้อยู่ในป่า He is cutting wood in the forest. ผมจะไปตัดผมวันนี้ I shall have my haircut today. ทางคมนาคมถูกตัดขาดหมด All means of communication were completely cut off. เขาตัดทางหากินของตนเอง He cut off his own means of livelihood.

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Word: ตัดทอน

Short Definition:

V. to excerpt, to reduce.

English Definition:

V. to excerpt, to reduce.

Examples:

บรรณาธิการแผนกข่าวภายในสั่งให้ทอนเรื่องลงมาเหลือเพียงหนึ่งในสาม The city editor ordered that the story be reduced to one third (of the original length).

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Word: ตัดบท

Short Definition:

V. to cut the discussion short; to break off a conversation, an argument.

English Definition:

V. to cut the discussion short; to break off a conversation, an argument (e.g. by changing the subject, by bringing the matter to a conclusion).

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Word: ตัดสิน

Short Definition:

V. to decide, to judge.

English Definition:

V. to decide, to judge.

Examples:

ศาลได้ตัดสินแล้ว The court has rendered its decision. ศาลตัดสินให้โจทก์ชนะ The court decided in favor of the plaintiff (complainant).

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Word: ตัดสินคดี

Short Definition:

V. to pass verdict.

English Definition:

V. to pass verdict.

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Word: ตัดสินใจ

Short Definition:

V. to make a decision, to make up one's mind.

English Definition:

V. to make a decision, to make up one's mind.

Examples:

ผมตัดสินใจจะไป I have decided to go. ุถ้าเขาได้ตัดสินใจไปแล้ว เขาก็จะไม่เหลียวกลับมาอีกเลย If he makes up his mind, he will never ever turn his face back.

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Word: ตัน

Short Definition:

Adj. V. hollow, solid; to become choked or clogged; N. a ton.

English Definition:

Adj. V. 1. hollow, solid; 2. to become choked or clogged; 3. N. a ton, a weight equal to 1680 catties or 2240 pounds.

Examples:

ท่อมีลักษณะกลวง แต่เพลามีลักษณะตัน A pipe is hollow, while a shaft is solid. เธอทำให้เขาตันคอหอย Her words choked him (left him speechless). น้ำหนักรถเปล่าประมาณหนึ่งตัน The dry weight of the car is about a ton.

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Word: ตัว

Short Definition:

N. self, oneself; body, classifier for animals, table, articles of clothing, etc

English Definition:

N. 1. self, oneself; 2. body, classifier for animals, table, chair, articles of clothing, etc.

L2 Definition:

ตัวการ (the principal one, a ringleader, or the agent in an act of violence or crime), ตัวเก็ง (the most desperate in an association of out-laws, the star in a troupe of actors), ตัวคูณ (multiplier), ตัวตั้ง (the one responsible for, the dividend, the multiplicand), ตัวผู้ (the male (of animals)), ตัวเมีย (the female (of animals)), แก้ตัว (to make excuses, to exculpate oneself), สิ้นตัว (poverty-stricken, indigent), ออกตัว (to free oneself, to evade blame).

Examples:

ผีไม่มีตัวตน A ghost has no substance. ตัวเสื้อคับไป The body (without the sleeves) of the coat is too tight (too small). เขาเอาตัวไม่รอด He could not help himself (He could not stand on his own legs).

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Word: ตัวการ

Short Definition:

N. trouble-maker, culprit.

English Definition:

N. trouble-maker, culprit.

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Word: ตัวแก

Short Definition:

Pron. you, he.

English Definition:

Pron. you, he.

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Word: ตัวเขา

Short Definition:

himself/herself.

English Definition:

himself/herself.

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Word: ตัวเขาเอง

Short Definition:

himself, herself.

English Definition:

himself, herself.

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Word: ตัวฉัน

Short Definition:

myself (female speaker).

English Definition:

myself (female speaker).

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Word: ตัวฉันเอง

Short Definition:

myself.

English Definition:

myself.

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Word: ตัวเดียว

Short Definition:

one (body).

English Definition:

one (body).

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Word: ตัวตน

Short Definition:

N. body, existing person.

English Definition:

N. body, existing person.

Examples:

ผีไม่มีตัวตน A ghost has no substance.

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Word: ตัวแทน

Short Definition:

N. agent, representative.

English Definition:

N. agent, representative.

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Word: ตัวแทนคณะ

Short Definition:

a representative.

English Definition:

a representative.

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Word: ตัวแบบทางเลือกที่มีเหตุผล

Short Definition:

N. rational choice model.

English Definition:

N. rational choice model.

Examples:

นักศึกษาดูเหมือนจะชอบใช้ตัวแบบทางเลือกที่มีเหตุผล The students are more likely to use rational choice model.

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Word: ตัวประกัน

Short Definition:

N. hostage.

English Definition:

N. hostage.

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Word: ตัวเป็นเกลียว

Short Definition:

idiom: very hard, busily (of working).

English Definition:

idiom, very hard, busily (of working).

Examples:

คุณเห็นหรือเปล่าว่าผมกำลังทำงานตัวเป็นเกลียวอยู่ Can't you see that I'm busy working?

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Word: ตัวผมเอง

Short Definition:

myself (male speaker).

English Definition:

myself (male speaker).

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Word: ตัวผู้

Short Definition:

N. male of the species.

English Definition:

N. male of the species.

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Word: ตัวมัน

Short Definition:

Pron. he, she, it (informal).

English Definition:

Pron. he, she, it (informal) .

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Word: ตัวเมีย

Short Definition:

N. female of the species.

English Definition:

N. female of the species.

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Word: ตัวร้อน

Short Definition:

V. to have a high (body) temperature.

English Definition:

V. to have a high (body) temperature.

Examples:

เจ้าแก้วมีไข้สูงตัวร้อนราวกับไฟ Keo has a high fever with a temperature that is as hot as fire.

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Word: ตัวเรา

Short Definition:

ourself, ourselves.

English Definition:

ourself, ourselves.

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Word: ตัวเราเอง

Short Definition:

ourselves.

English Definition:

ourselves.

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Word: ตัวเลข

Short Definition:

N. number.

English Definition:

N. number.

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Word: ตัวสองตัว

Short Definition:

one or two (bodies).

English Definition:

one or two (bodies).

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Word: ตัวหนึ่ง

Short Definition:

one (body).

English Definition:

one (body).

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Word: ตัวไหน

Short Definition:

which one?

English Definition:

which one?

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Word: ตัวอย่าง

Short Definition:

N. an example, a sample.

English Definition:

N. an example, a sample.

Examples:

การกระทำของนายกรัฐมนตรีไม่มีตัวอย่างมาก่อน The Prime Minister's action had no precedent (was unprecedented).

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Word: ตัวอื่น

Short Definition:

the other (one).

English Definition:

the other (one).

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Word: ตัวเอง

Short Definition:

N. oneself, one's own self.

English Definition:

N. oneself, one's own self.

Examples:

เธอต้องระวังรักษาตัวเอง You must look after yourself. ผมต่อเรือลำนี้ด้วยตัวเอง I built this boat myself. เขาพึ่งตัวเอง He relies on himself.

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Word: ตั๋ว

Short Definition:

N. a ticket.

English Definition:

N. a ticket.

L2 Definition:

ตั๋วเงิน, ตั๋วจำนำ (a pawn ticket), ตั๋วแลกเงิน (a bill of exchange), ตั๋วชานชาลา (a railroad platform ticket), ตั๋วโดยสารเรือ (a boat ticket), ตั๋วรถไฟ (a railroad ticket), ตั๋วแลกเงิน (a bill of exchange).

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Word: ตา

Short Definition:

N. eye(s); maternal grandfather; a bud of a plant; turn, move.

English Definition:

N. 1. eye(s); 2. an old man, maternal grandfather; 3. a bud of a plant; 4. turn, move.

L2 Definition:

ตาข่าย (a net), ตาขุ่น ตาเขียว (to be angry, to express displeasure), ตาค้าง ((to sleep) with the eyes half-closed), ตาจน (mate, checkmate, complete check, utter defeat), ตาตุ่ม(the ankles), ตาปลา (a corn on the foot), ตาฝาด, ตาฟาง, ตามัว (to be deceived, to be partially blind), ตาราง (a mesh, a reticulation, a table or schedule), ตาลาย (to be dizzy, to be dazzled, to feel dizzy), ตาเหลือก (frightened, alarmed).

Examples:

ตาของเขาบวม His eyes are swollen. เขาหรี่ตา He squinted (squinted his eyes). ผมตาบอดไปชั่วขณะหนึ่ง I was temporarily blind. ตาของเธอเห็นจะฝาดไปกระมัง Your eyes must have deceived you. การต่อตาเวลานี้ทำกันทั่วไปในสวนยาง Bud grafting is now generally practised (practiced) on rubber plantations. ถึงตาผมละ It is now my turn. ตานี้ผมต้องชนะ This time I must win.

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Word: ตาก

Short Definition:

V. to dry (in an open space); to be exposed.

English Definition:

V. to dry (in an open space); to be exposed.

Examples:

ราวตากผ้าขาด The clothsline is broken. เขาตากไม้ไว้กลางแดดกลางฝนเป็นเวลาสองปี He exposed the wood to the weather (He seasoned the wood) for two years. เราออกไปตากลมกันข้างนอกเถิด Let us go out for some fresh air. เราจะไปตากอากาศกันที่หัวหิน We are going to Hua Hin for a change of air (for our holiday, We shall spend our holiday at Hua Hin, We shall holiday at Hua Hin). เธอตากตาคอยเขาจนดึกจนดื่น She sat up for him far into the night (until late at night). ผมไม่ยอมตากหน้าไปขอความกรุณาจากเขาดอก I shan't be shameless enough to go and ask his mercy.

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Word: ตาเดียวกัน

Short Definition:

(to look) in one spot, constantly (look at).

English Definition:

(to look) in one spot, constantly (look at).

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Word: ตาน้ำ

Short Definition:

N. a small spring; a natural fountain.

English Definition:

N. a small spring; a natural fountain.

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Word: ตาบอด

Short Definition:

V. to be blind.

English Definition:

V. to be blind.

Examples:

ผมตาบอดไปชั่วขณะหนึ่ง I was temporarily blind.

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Word: ตาปริบ

Short Definition:

V. to blink, blink the eyes.

English Definition:

V. to blink, blink the eyes.

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Word: ตาเปล่า

Short Definition:

N. the naked eye.

English Definition:

N. the naked eye.

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Word: ตาฝาด

Short Definition:

V. to have a visual illusion, be fooled by one's visual perception.

English Definition:

V. to have a visual illusion, be fooled by one's visual perception.

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Word: ตาโพลง

Short Definition:

eyes opened wide, wide-eyed.

English Definition:

eyes opened wide, wide-eyed.

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Word: ตาม

Short Definition:

V. to follow; sV. according to; along, among, throughout.

English Definition:

V. 1. to follow; sV. 2. according to, in accordance with; 3. along, among, through, throughout; 4. miscellaneous senses.

L2 Definition:

ตามความจริง (according to the facts), ตามใจ (to yield to the wish of another, to acquiesce, to concur), ตามที (as it may be, as is wished), ตามสมควร (as is fitting or proper), ทำตาม (to imitate, to follow the example of).

Examples:

โปรดตามฉันมา Please follow me. ผมตามหลังเขาไปติด ๆ I followed him close behind. เขาทำตามอย่างคุณ He follows your example. ตามคำเรียกร้องของเขา เราจะต้องชำระเงินให้เขาโดยทันที According to his demand, we must pay him at once. เขากล่างถึงเหตุการณ์ตามลำดับเวลาก่อนหลัง He treated the events in accordance with priority in time (in chronoligical order). ผมตามตัวเขากลับมาแล้ว I have brought him back. เราจะช่วยเหลือไปตามมีตามเกิด We shall help him as best as we could. โปรดนั่งตามสบาย Please make yourself comfortable.

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Word: ตาม ๆ กัน

Short Definition:

sV. following.

English Definition:

sV. following.

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Word: ตามเคย

Short Definition:

as usual.

English Definition:

as usual.

Examples:

เขามาสายตามเคย He is late as usual.

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Word: ตามจริง

Short Definition:

according to the facts.

English Definition:

according to the facts.

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Word: ตามใจ

Short Definition:

V. to please, yield to the wishes (of), spoil; to do as one pleases.

English Definition:

V. 1. to please, yield to the wishes (of), spoil; 2. to do as one pleases.

Examples:

คุณจะทำอะไรก็ได้ตามใจ (ตามแต่ใจ, ตามประสงค์, ตามปรารถนา) You can do anything you like (you please, as you please).

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Word: ตามใจชอบ

Short Definition:

sV. as one wishes, likes.

English Definition:

sV. as one wishes, likes.

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Word: ตามเดิม

Short Definition:

as usual, as before.

English Definition:

as usual, as before.

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Word: ตามแต่

Short Definition:

as, according to what, whatever, it depends on what.

English Definition:

as, according to what, whatever, it depends on what.

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Word: ตามทาง

Short Definition:

along the way.

English Definition:

along the way.

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Word: ตามที่

Short Definition:

as (i.e. in accordance with what, that which); in reference to what.

English Definition:

1. as (i.e. in accordance with what, that which); along with; 2. in reference to what (that which), referring to what, that which).

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Word: ตามที่ของมัน

Short Definition:

according to its place.

English Definition:

according to its place.

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Word: ตามธรรมดา

Short Definition:

ordinarily.

English Definition:

ordinarily.

L2 Definition:

(ตาม-ทำ-มะ-ดา)

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Word: ตามปกติ

Short Definition:

normally, ordinarily, as usual.

English Definition:

normally, ordinarily, as usual.

L2 Definition:

(ตาม-ปก-กะ-ติ)

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Word: ตามประสา

Short Definition:

according to the way of.

English Definition:

according to the way of.

Examples:

ปล่อยให้เขาทำเรื่องนี้ไปตามประสาของเขา Let him settle the business in his own way.

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Word: ตามมา

Short Definition:

V. to follow.

English Definition:

V. to follow.

Examples:

ผมเหลียวไปดูข้างหลัง เห็นรถตำรวจติดตามมา I looked back and saw that a police car was following us.

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Word: ตามเรื่อง

Short Definition:

colloq. accordingly, for the heck of it.

English Definition:

colloq. accordingly, for the heck of it.

Examples:

เขาก็บ่นของเขาไปตามเรื่อง - He was just grumbling accordingly.

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Word: ตามลำดับ

Short Definition:

progressively, gradually, consecutively.

English Definition:

progressively, gradually, consecutively.

Examples:

พวกเขาถูกขานชื่อทีละคนตามลำดับยศ They were announced one by one in accordance with precedence. เขากล่างถึงเหตุการณ์ตามลำดับเวลาก่อนหลัง He treated the events in accordance with priority in time (in chronological order).

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Word: ตามหลัง

Short Definition:

V. to follow, (walk) after.

English Definition:

V. to follow, (walk) after.

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Word: ตามหา

Short Definition:

V. to look for.

English Definition:

V. to look for.

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Word: ตามอย่าง

Short Definition:

V. to follow the pattern, imitate.

English Definition:

V. to follow the pattern, imitate.

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Word: ตาย

Short Definition:

V. to die; to be dead.

English Definition:

V. to die; to be dead.

L2 Definition:

ตายคาที่ (immediate death), ตายใจ (to trust implicity, to confine in), ตายซาก (to die, leaving the body exposed to the air until it becomes desiccated (as frogs or spiders)), ตายด้าน (to fail to ignite or to explode (as fireworks)), ตายตัว (impossible to move, unchangeable, checkmated, defeated).

Examples:

เขาตายในสนามรบ He was killed in action (He died on the battlefield). เขาถูกรถชนตายคาที่ He was hit by a car and killed on the spot.

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Word: ตายลง

Short Definition:

V. to pass away.

English Definition:

V. to pass away.

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Word: ตายล้ม

Short Definition:

V. lit. to die.

English Definition:

V. lit. to die.

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Word: ตายละ

Short Definition:

an exclamation comparable to good grief, good heaven, etc.

English Definition:

an exclamation comparable to good grief, good heaven, etc.

Examples:

ตายจริง (ตายละ) เขามาแล้ว My God, (Oh, my)! Here he comes.

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Word: ตายสลาย

Short Definition:

V. lit. to die.

English Definition:

V. lit. to die.

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Word: ตายโหงตายห่า

Short Definition:

V. vulg. May the plague take me!

English Definition:

V. vulg. May the plague take me! (expression used to swear that one is telling the truth).

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Word: ตาลปัตร

Short Definition:

N. a fan-like object with a long handle made from palm leaves.

English Definition:

N. a fan-like object with a long handle made from palm leaves; monks used them when saying prayers at ceremonies.

L2 Definition:

(ตา-ละ-ปัด) กลับตาลปัตร - reverse unexpectedly

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Word: ตาลอย

Short Definition:

V. to have vacant eyes, (of eyes) to wander; sV. with vacant eyes.

English Definition:

V. 1. to have vacant eyes; 2. (of eyes) to wander; sV. 3. with vacant eyes.

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Word: ตาหลับ

Short Definition:

N. closed eyes.

English Definition:

N. closed eyes.

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Word: ต่าง

Short Definition:

V. to be different, separate, to differ; sV. instead of, in place of; each.

English Definition:

V. 1. to be different, separate, to differ; sV. 2. instead of, in place of; 3. each, different; AA. 4. separately, individually.

L2 Definition:

ต่าง ๆ (promiscuous, miscellaneous, mixed, mingled, dissimilar, diverse), ต่างตาต่างใจ (substitution, a substitute, one who, or that which is substitued in place of another, to differ in opinion), ต่างประเทศ (a foreigner, an alien), ต่างว่า (for instance, to wit, thus, as if, used to introduce a result), ต่างหาก (separate, disconnected, detached, distinct), ต่างหูต่างตา (one empowered to act for another, a representative), หน้าต่าง (window), ต่างคนต่างมีความเห็น (each differing in opinion), ต่างคนต่างไป (each going indepently).

Examples:

เขาต่างคนต่างไป They severally went their ways (They went their separate ways, Each went his separate way). เราต่าง (ต่างคนต่าง) ก็มีงานที่ต้องทำ Each of us has a job to do (We each have a job to do). คู่แข่งขันต่างก็คุมเชิงกัน Each competitor watches the other (wathces the others ถ้ามีคู่แข่งขันมากกว่าสอง). เขามีนิสัยต่าง ๆ กัน They are of diverse characters. เขามาจากต่างถิ่น He came from a foreign land. วันใดวันหนึ่งเขาจะได้เป็นรัฐมนตรีว่าการต่างประเทศ One of these days he will be the Minister of Foreign Affairs (the Foreign Minister, the Foreign Secretary, the Secretary of State)).

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Word: ต่าง ๆ

Short Definition:

Adj. various.

English Definition:

Adj. various.

Examples:

พวกเขามาจากที่ต่าง ๆ They came from many (sundry, divers) places. เขามีนิสัยต่าง ๆ กัน They are of diverse characters. ภาพภูมิประเทศเปลี่ยนแปลงไปต่าง ๆ นานา The scenery was varied.

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Word: ต่างกับ

Short Definition:

Adj. different from; V. to differ from.

English Definition:

Adj. different from; V. to differ from.

Examples:

ผมมีความเห็นต่างกับคุณ I differ from you. คุณก็ไม่ต่างกับเขานัก You are not much different from him.

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Word: ต่างก็

Short Definition:

each individual, every.

English Definition:

each individual, every.

Examples:

เราต่างก็มีงานที่ต้องทำ Each of us has a job to do (We each have a job to do). รัฐมนตรีต่างก็รับผิดชอบในการดำเนินงานในกระทรวงของตน The Ministers are individually responsible for the conduct of their departments. ต่างฝ่ายต่างก็ไม่ยอมถอย Neither side would retreat. คู่แข่งขันต่างก็คุมเชิงกัน Each competitor watches the other (watches the others ถ้ามีคู่แข่งขันมากกว่า สอง).

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Word: ต่างคน

Short Definition:

different people, each person.

English Definition:

different people, each person.

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Word: ต่างจังหวัด

Short Definition:

N. Adj. any province outside of Bangkok, the provinces, provincial.

English Definition:

N. Adj. any province outside of Bangkok, the provinces, provincial.

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Word: ต่างประเทศ

Short Definition:

abroad, foreign country; foreign.

English Definition:

1. abroad, foreign country; 2. foreign.

Examples:

ฉันเก็บเงินไว้พอจะไปต่างประเทศได้แล้ว I have saved enough money to go abroad.

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Word: ต่างฝ่าย

Short Definition:

each group, each side, each folks, each person

English Definition:

each group, each side, each folks, each person

Examples:

ต่างฝ่ายต่างรักกัน - Each side does love each other.

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Word: ต่างหาก

Short Definition:

apart, separately; on the contrary, contrary to what (you) think.

English Definition:

1. apart, separately; 2. on the contrary, contrary to what (you) think.

Examples:

เราจะไปต่างหาก We shall go separately. เขาทำมาหากินต่างหาก He makes a living on his own (makes his own living, makes his living independently). เขาต่างหากที่เป็นฝ่ายก่อการวิวาท On the contrary (Far from it), it was he who provoked the fight. นี่ไม่ใช่อาหารกลางวัน แต่เป็นอาหารเช้าต่างหาก This is not luncheon, but breakfast.

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Word: ต้านทาน

Short Definition:

V. to resist, withstand, afford resistance against.

English Definition:

V. to resist, withstand, afford resistance against.

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Word: ตำบล

Short Definition:

N. a subdivision of an amphur or township, a precinct, subdistrict.

English Definition:

N. a subdivision of an อำเภอ or township, a precinct, subdistrict.

Examples:

ผมไม่คุ้นกับตำบลนี้ I am not familiar with this subdistrict.

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Word: ตำรวจ

Short Definition:

N. a policeman, the police.

English Definition:

N. a policeman, the police.

L2 Definition:

ตำรวจนครบาล (the metropolitan police, the metropolitan constabulary), ตำรวจภูธร (the provincial police, the provincial constabulary, the gendarmerie), ตำรวจจราจร (the traffic police), ตำรวจชายแดน (the border police), ตำรวจทางหลวง (the highway patrol).

Examples:

ผมเหลียวไปดูข้างหลัง เห็นรถตำรวจติดตามมา I looked back and saw that a police car was following us. ผมจะมอบเรื่องนี้ให้แก่ตำรวจ I shall commit this matter to the police.

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Word: ตำรวจน้ำ

Short Definition:

N. a police force that is comparable to a Harbor Patrol or Coast Guard unit.

English Definition:

N. a police force that is comparable to a Harbor Patrol or Coast Guard unit in the U.S.

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Word: ตำรับ

Short Definition:

N. a textbook, reference book, manual.

English Definition:

N. a textbook, reference book, manual.

L2 Definition:

(ตำ-หรับ)

Examples:

ตำรับตำรามีราคาแพง เพราะกระดาษแพง Textbooks are expensive because paper is expensive.

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Word: ตำรับตำรา

Short Definition:

N. elab. a textbook.

English Definition:

N. elab. a textbook.

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Word: ตำรา

Short Definition:

N. a textbook, reference book, manual.

English Definition:

N. a textbook, reference book, manual.

L2 Definition:

ตำราพิชัยสงคราม (a treatise on the art of war).

Examples:

เขาชอบทำอะไรนอกตำรา He does everything in an unorthodox manner (in his own way).

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Word: ตำหนิ

Short Definition:

V. to blame, criticize; N. fault, blemish or scar.

English Definition:

V. to blame, criticize; N. fault, blemish or scar.

Examples:

เขาถูกตำหนิเพราะละเลยหน้าที่ He was blamed for neglect of duty. พลอยเม็ดนี้ไม่มีตำหนิเลย This gem is without blemish. เขาคอยตำหนิผมเสียเรื่อย He is always finding fault with me.

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Word: ตำแหน่ง

Short Definition:

N. a position, a rank, a post.

English Definition:

N. a position, a rank, a post.

Examples:

ตำแหน่งของเรืออยู่ทางทิศใต้ของฮ่องกง ๑๕ ไมล์ The position of the ship is 15 miles south of Hong Kong. เขากำลังจะได้รับตำแหน่งใหม่ He is being given a post (a position).

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Word: ตำเอา

Short Definition:

V. to puncture, pierce, prick (with a nail, thorn, or other sharp object).

English Definition:

V. to puncture, pierce, prick (with a nail, thorn, needle, or other small sharp object).

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Word: ต่ำ

Short Definition:

V. Adj. low, lowly, humble, base, to go down, to depreciate, to sink.

English Definition:

V. Adj. low, lowly, humble, base, to go down, to depreciate, to sink.

L2 Definition:

ต่ำช้า (depraved, bad, corrupted, contaminated, unworthy, degraded), ที่ต่ำ (a place that has sunken or become low), ไม่ต่ำกว่า (not less than), ราคาตกต่ำไป (to be depreciated in price).

Examples:

ราคาสินค้ากำลังต่ำลง Commodity prices are going down. เขาไม่รู้จักที่ต่ำที่สูง He does not know his place.

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Word: ต่ำกว่า

Short Definition:

Adj. Adv. Prep. under.

English Definition:

Adj. Adv. Prep. under.

Examples:

ผมซื้อบ้านหลังนี้ต่ำกว่าราคาตลาด I bought this house at a price below the market price.

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Word: ต่ำศักดินา

Short Definition:

lower class.

English Definition:

lower class.

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Word: ติ

Short Definition:

V. to blame, to censure, to find fault with, to condemn.

English Definition:

V. to blame, to censure, to find fault with, to condemn.

L2 Definition:

Also used as ติเตียน.

Examples:

เขาถูกติว่าหน้าเป็นเกินไป She was criticized for being too facetious. ผมไม่อยากจะติชมหนังสือของเขา I don't want to criticize his book. เขาถูกติเตียนว่าทำการรุนแรงเกินไป He was censured for being too high-handed. เขาไม่ยินดียินร้ายต่อคำติฉินนินทา He is impervious to criticisms (to gossips).

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Word: ติก

Short Definition:

N. the sound of a clock.

English Definition:

N. the sound of a clock.

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Word: ติด

Short Definition:

V. to adjoin, connect; to attach (to); to stick, adhere (to); to be addicted to.

English Definition:

V. 1. to adjoin, to connect; 2. to attach (to); 3. to stick (to), adhere (to); 4. to be addicted to.

L2 Definition:

ติดกัน (to be agglutinated or stuck together (as sheets of postage stamps)), ติดใจ (to become fascinated by, to become enamoured with), ติดฉลาก (to stick on a label), ติดตาม (to follow after), ติดหนี้สิน (to be involved in debt).

Examples:

เขาติดภาพไว้ที่ผนังโดยใช้กาว He stuck the picture to the wall with glue. หมึกไม่ติดกระจก The ink does not adhere to the glass. ผมติดธุระไปไม่ได้ I was prevented from attending (was detained) by business. ผมติดเงินคุณเท่าไร How much do I owe you?

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Word: ติด ๆ กัน

Short Definition:

consecutively, one after another, in a row, in close succession.

English Definition:

consecutively, one after another, in a row, in close succession.

Examples:

เขานอนหลับสามวันติด ๆ กัน He slept for three successive days. เรานั่งติด ๆ กัน We sat next to each other.

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Word: ติด ๆ กับ

Short Definition:

V. to be adjacent to, to be attached to.

English Definition:

V. to be adjacent to, to be attached to.

Examples:

บ้านของผมอยู่ติด ๆ กับโรงทำกระดาษ My house adjoins (is adjacent to) a paper factory.

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Word: ติดกับ

Short Definition:

V. to be adjacent to, attached to.

English Definition:

V. to be adjacent to, attached to.

Examples:

บ้านของผมอยู่ติดกับโรงทำกระดาษ My house adjoins (is adjacent to) a paper factory.

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Word: ติดขัด

Short Definition:

N. obstacle, interference to a problem.

English Definition:

N. obstacle, interference to a problem.

Examples:

เครื่องติดขัด The motor won't start.

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Word: ติดคุก

Short Definition:

V. to be imprisoned.

English Definition:

V. to be imprisoned.

Examples:

เขาติดคุกอยู่สามปี He went to prison (was imprisoned) for three years.

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Word: ติดคุกติดตะราง

Short Definition:

V. colloq. to be in jail.

English Definition:

V. colloq. to be in jail.

Examples:

เขาเป็นโจรผู้ร้ายที่ติดคุกติดตะรางมาเป็นประจำ He's a hardened criminal who has been in jail on a regulary basis.

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Word: ติดเครื่อง

Short Definition:

V. to start the motor.

English Definition:

V. to start the motor.

Examples:

โปรดติดเครื่องที Please start the motor.

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Word: ติดใจ

Short Definition:

V. to like, be fond of, take a fancy to; to be attracted, impressed.

English Definition:

V. to like, be fond of, take a fancy to; to be attracted, impressed (by).

Examples:

เขาติดใจลูกสาวผม He is attached to (fond of, attracted to) my daughter.

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Word: ติดต่อ

Short Definition:

V. to get in touch (with), to contact; to associate (with), be connected (with).

English Definition:

V. 1. to get in touch (with), to contact; 2. to associate (with), be connected (with), to adjoin.

Examples:

เขาติดต่อกับเธออยู่เสมอ He was in constant touch (constant contact) with her. โรคนี้ติดต่อได้ง่าย This disease is easily communicable.

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Word: ติดตั้ง

Short Definition:

V. to install.

English Definition:

V. to install.

Examples:

เขาจะมาติดตั้งเครื่องจักรวันพรุ่งนี้ He will install the machine tomorrow.

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Word: ติดตัว

Short Definition:

V. to carry on a person.

English Definition:

V. to carry on a person.

Examples:

ฉันไม่มีเงินติดตัวเลย I have no money with me.

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Word: ติดตาม

Short Definition:

V. to follow; accompany.

English Definition:

V. to follow; accompany.

Examples:

เขาติดตามท่านนายกรัฐมนตรีมาตลอดชีวิต He has followed the Prime Minister all his life. เขาติดตามนายของเขาไปทุกหนทุกแห่ง He followed his master everywhere.

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Word: ติดตามมา

Short Definition:

V. to follow.

English Definition:

V. to follow.

Examples:

ผมเหลียวไปดูข้างหลัง เห็นรถตำรวจติดตามมา I looked back and saw that a police car was following us.

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Word: ติดธุระ

Short Definition:

V. to be busy.

English Definition:

V. to be busy.

Examples:

ผมติดธุระไปไม่ได้ I was prevented from attending (was detained) by business.

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Word: ติดมือ

Short Definition:

V. idiom: to take or carry something with.

English Definition:

V. idiom, to take or carry something with.

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Word: ติดมือไป (มา)

Short Definition:

V. to bring, to take (colloq.)

English Definition:

V. to bring, to take (colloq.)

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Word: ติดริมฝีปาก

Short Definition:

V. to stick to the lips (on the tip of the tongue).

English Definition:

V. to stick to the lips (on the tip of the tongue).

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Word: ติดเรียน

Short Definition:

V. to have class, school.

English Definition:

V. to have class, school.

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Word: ติดเรือ

Short Definition:

V. to go by boat.

English Definition:

V. to go by boat.

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Word: ติดสินบน

Short Definition:

V. to offer graft to, to bribe.

English Definition:

V. to offer graft to, to bribe.

Examples:

เขาติดสินบนเจ้าพนักงาน He bribed the officials.

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Word: ติดหนี้

Short Definition:

V. to be in debt, be owing.

English Definition:

V. to be in debt, be owing.

Examples:

เขาติดหนี้ผมสองร้อยบาท He owes me two hundred baht.

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Word: ติดหล่ม

Short Definition:

V. to get stuck in the mud.

English Definition:

V. to get stuck in the mud.

Examples:

ล้อติดหล่ม The wheels stuck (were stuck) in the mud.

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Word: ตี

Short Definition:

V. to hit, beat, strike; (when followed by a #) morning hours btw 12 A.M.- 6 A.M

English Definition:

V. 1. to hit, to beat, to strike; 2. (when followed by a numeral) an hour of the morning between midnight and 6 A.M.

L2 Definition:

ตีวัวกระทบคราด (to flog a whipping boy when somebody else deserves punishment), ตีเสมอ (to presume to act as an equal), ตีโพยตีพาย (to make a scene, to raise a hue and cry, to go into hysterics), ตีลังกา (to turn a somersault).

Examples:

เขาถูกตีจนฟกช้ำดำเขียว He was beaten black and blue. นี่เท่ากับเป็นการตีงูให้กากิน This is like killing a snake for the benefit of the crow (like hurting somebody unnecessarily). เราตีศัตรูข้ามแดนไป We drove the enemy across the border. ประมวลกฎหมายมาตรานี้คุณตีความว่าอย่างไร How do you interpret (construe) this section of the code?

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Word: ตีกบ

Short Definition:

V. to hunt frogs.

English Definition:

V. to hunt frogs.

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Word: ตีกัน

Short Definition:

V. to fight (each other).

English Definition:

V. to fight (each other).

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Word: ตีไก่

Short Definition:

N. cock fighting.

English Definition:

N. cock fighting.

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Word: ตีขา

Short Definition:

hit the legs.

English Definition:

hit the legs.

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Word: ตีความ

Short Definition:

V. to interpret, to solve.

English Definition:

V. to interpret, to solve.

Examples:

ประมวลกฎหมายมาตรานี้คุณตีความหมายว่าอย่างไร How do you interpret this section of the code.

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Word: ตีความหมาย

Short Definition:

V. to interpret.

English Definition:

V. to interpret.

Examples:

ประมวลกฎหมายมาตรานี้คุณตีความหมายว่าอย่างไร How do you interpret this section of the code?

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Word: ตีตนไปก่อนไข้

Short Definition:

V. idiom: to worry before knowing the facts.

English Definition:

V. idiom, to worry before knowing the facts.

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Word: ตีแตก

Short Definition:

V. to attack and destroy.

English Definition:

V. to attack and destroy.

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Word: ตีน

Short Definition:

N. foot (feet), paw(s).

English Definition:

N. foot (feet), paw(s).

Examples:

อย่าเดินตีนเปล่า Don't walk barefoot (barefooted). เขาต่อสู้อย่างตีนถีบปากกัด He fought tooth and nail (He struggled with all his might).

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Word: ตีน้ำมัน

Short Definition:

N. stir-fry with high heat.

English Definition:

N. stir-fry with high heat.

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Word: ตีบตัน

Short Definition:

V. ( the throat ) to be narrowed.

English Definition:

V. (the throat) to be narrowed.

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Word: ตีพิมพ์

Short Definition:

V. to print.

English Definition:

V. to print.

Examples:

หนังสือนี้ตีพิมพ์เมื่อร้อยปีมาแล้ว This book was printed one hundred years ago.

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Word: ตีรันฟันแทง

Short Definition:

V. elab. to fight.

English Definition:

V. elab. to fight.

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Word: ตีสอง

Short Definition:

2 A.M.

English Definition:

2 A.M.

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Word: ตีสาม

Short Definition:

3 A.M. (three o'clock in the morning).

English Definition:

3 A. M. (three o'clock in the morning).

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Word: ตีหน้า

Short Definition:

V. colloq. to put on an expression, feigning (e.g. ignorance).

English Definition:

V. colloq. to put on an expression, feigning (e.g. ignorance).

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Word: ตีหนึ่ง

Short Definition:

1 a.m.

English Definition:

1 a.m.

Examples:

เขาเข้านอนประมาณตีหนึ่งเมื่อคืนนี้ Last night he went to bed about 1 a.m.

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Word: ตึก

Short Definition:

N. a building, structure, brick house, handsome mansion.

English Definition:

N. a building, a structure, a brick house, a handsome mansion.

Examples:

ไม่ทันกี่ปีเขาก็อยู่ตึก Within a few years, he has a brick house (he has become rich).

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Word: ตึงเครียด

Short Definition:

V. to be tense, strained.

English Definition:

V. to be tense, to be strained.

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Word: ตึงตัง

Short Definition:

N. a loud noise.

English Definition:

N. a loud noise.

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Word: ตึ้กตั้ก

Short Definition:

Onomat. palpitation of the heart.

English Definition:

Onomat. palpitation of the heart.

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Word: ตื๋อ

Short Definition:

Adv. colloq. (to run) fast, quickly, swiftly; utterly (dark).

English Definition:

Adv. colloq. 1. (to run) fast, quickly, swiftly; 2. utterly (dark).

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Word: ตื่น

Short Definition:

V. to wake (of oneself); to get excited, be excited about; to start become alert

English Definition:

V. 1. to wake (of oneself); 2. to get excited, be excited about; 3. to start become alert suddenly.

L2 Definition:

ตื่นข่าว- to be surprised or excited over some news; ตื่นเต้น- to manifest an excited behavior, to act astonished, to be greatly alarmed; แตกตื่น- to be scattered in a panic, to be in a commotion, to be generally alarmed (as wild animals), to be panic stricken.

Examples:

เขาตื่นขึ้นเวลา ๖ นาฬิกา He woke up at six. เขาเป็นลมเพราะตื่นเต้นมากเกินไป He had a stroke because he was overexcited (because of over-excitement). เขาพากันตื่นตูมโดยไม่มีเหตุ They panicked (They went into a panic) without cause.

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Word: ตื่นตัว

Short Definition:

V. to be awakened, to come to the realization.

English Definition:

V. to be awakened, to come to the realization.

Examples:

ความรู้สึกรักชาติกำลังตื่นตัว Patriotic sentiments are waking up.

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Word: ตื่นเต้น

Short Definition:

V. to be excited, thrilled, enthusiastic.

English Definition:

V. to be excited, thrilled, enthusiastic.

Examples:

เขาตื่นเต้นจนมือไม้สั่น He's so excited that his hands shake.

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Word: ตื่นนอน

Short Definition:

V. to wake up (to get up).

English Definition:

V. to wake up (to get up).

Examples:

เขาตื่นนอนเวลา ๘ นาฬิกา He woke up at eight.

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Word: ตื้น

Short Definition:

V. to be easy (of a problem), simple, shallow, superficial.

English Definition:

V. to be easy (of a problem), simple, shallow, superficial.

L2 Definition:

ความคิดตื้น (lacking in discernment, forethought, discretion, or insight), ที่ตื้น (a shoal, a hidden sand-bank, a place with shallow water).

Examples:

คลองนี้ตื้นเข้าทุกที This canal becomes shallower and shallower. ผมไม่เลื่อมในในความคิดตื้น ๆ ของเขาดอก I am not taken in by his superficial ideas. เธอรู้สึกตื้นตันด้วยความสงสาร She was full of pity (A feeling of pity welled up within her).

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Word: ตื้นตัน

Short Definition:

V. to be choked up (e.g. with sorrow, happiness).

English Definition:

V. to be choked up (e.g. with sorrow, happiness).

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Word: ตื้นตันใจ

Short Definition:

V. to be choked up, to be touched.

English Definition:

V. to be choked up, to be touched.

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Word: ตื้นลึกหนาบาง

Short Definition:

complicated.

English Definition:

complicated.

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Word: ตุลาคม

Short Definition:

N. October.

English Definition:

N. October.

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Word: ตุ่ม

Short Definition:

N. a water jar, a big earthenware container used to store water.

English Definition:

N. a water jar, a big earthenware container used to store water; a small unnatural swelling or enlargement (as pimples or rash), a small protuberance of the skin.

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Word: ตุ้บตั้บ

Short Definition:

slowly and heavily (as a very fat person moves).

English Definition:

slowly and heavily (as a very fat person moves).

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Word: ตุ๊กแก

Short Definition:

N. a gecko.

English Definition:

N. a gecko, the large sluggish house-lizard six to nine inches long of the gecknoidae family.

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Word: ตู้

Short Definition:

N. class term for cupboards, cabinets, (book) cases.

English Definition:

N. 1. class term for cupboards, cabinets, (book) cases; C. 2. classifier for such items, for things in cabinets.

L2 Definition:

ตู้ถ้วยชาม (a cupboard), ตู้เสื้อผ้า (an almirah, a wardrobe), ตู้หนังสือ (a bookcase).

Examples:

สมภารกร่างเปิดตู้เล็ก ๆ ข้างตัว แล้วหยิบกระดาษออกมา Abbot Krang opened a small cabinet close to him and took out a piece of paper. เนื้อในตู้เย็นเน่าเสียแล้ว The meat in the refrigerator has turned bad (has spoiled).

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Word: เตรียม

Short Definition:

V. to prepare, make ready.

English Definition:

V. to prepare, make ready.

Examples:

เธอเตรียมตัวเพื่อการสมรส She prepared herself for the wedding.

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Word: เตรียมพร้อม

Short Definition:

v. to be prepared, on the alert, ready for action.

English Definition:

V. to be prepared, on the alert, ready for action.

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Word: เตรียมแพทย์

Short Definition:

N. premedical.

English Definition:

N. premedical.

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Word: เตะ

Short Definition:

V. to kick.

English Definition:

V. to kick.

L2 Definition:

เตะจมูก (appetizing).

Examples:

ม้ามันเตะผม The horse kicked me. เขาถูกเตะโด่งขึ้นไป เพราะรัฐบาลไม่ต้องการให้เขากลายเป็นศัตรู He was kicked upstairs because the government did not want him to become their enemy.

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Word: เตา

Short Definition:

N. a stove, an oven.

English Definition:

N. a stove, an oven.

L2 Definition:

เตาถ่าน (a charcoal brazier), เตาผิง (a fire for warmth, a fireplace), เตารีด (an electric iron), เตาอบ (a cooking oven, a range).

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Word: เตาไฟ

Short Definition:

N. stove (for cooking).

English Definition:

N. stove (for cooking).

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Word: เต่า

Short Definition:

N. turtle.

English Definition:

N. turtle.

Examples:

เขาโง่อย่างกับเต่า He is as stupid as a turtle.

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Word: เติบโต

Short Definition:

V. to grow, to grow up, to develop, to mature.

English Definition:

V. to grow, to grow up, to develop, to mature.

Examples:

เขาเติบโตขึ้นเป็นผู้ใหญ่แล้ว He has grown to manhood. การเติบโตของบริษัทรวดเร็วมาก The growth of the firm has been rapid.

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Word: เติม

Short Definition:

V. to add, add on, fill.

English Definition:

V. to add, add on, fill.

Examples:

เธอเติมน้ำลงไปในน้ำนมเล็กน้อยเพื่อให้มากขึ้น She poured water into the milk to increase the bulk. เขาเติมข้อความอีกวรรคหนึ่งลงไปในเรื่อง He added another paragraph to the story.

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Word: เติมน้ำมันให้เต็มถัง

Short Definition:

V. to fill the tank (with gasoline).

English Definition:

V. to fill the tank (with gasoline).

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Word: เตียง

Short Definition:

N. a bed.

English Definition:

N. a bed.

Examples:

เขานอนบนเตีียงอันแข็งกระด้าง He slept on a hard bed.

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Word: เตือน

Short Definition:

V. to warn, to remind, to advise.

English Definition:

V. to warn, to remind, to advise.

Examples:

เขาเตือนผมไม่ให้ไปหาเธอ He warned me against visiting her. ผมอยากจะเตือนคุณสักหน่อย I want to give you a word of caution. ถึงผมจะได้เตือนเขาแล้ว เขาก็ยังทำ Despite (In spite of, Notwithstanding) my warning, he still did it.

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Word: เตือนใจ

Short Definition:

V. to remind.

English Definition:

V. to remind.

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Word: เต็ม

Short Definition:

V. to be full; filled; to reach the limit; sV. in a filling amount.

English Definition:

V. 1. to be full; filled; 2. to reach the limit; sV. 3. in a filling amount, to a filling degree.

L2 Definition:

เต็มคราบ (abundant furnished or provided for, filled to the utmost capacity (used in reference to the stomach, as อิ่มเต็มคราบ), เต็มที (much, great in quantity or amount, many in number, an expletive used indicating objection, horrible, terrible, awful), เต็มที่ (utmost, of the highest degree or the largest amount), เต็มเปี่ยม (brimfull).

Examples:

ถังน้ำมันยังไม่เต็ม The oil tank is not yet full. เรือแล่นเต็มที่ The boat went all out. คืนนี้พระจันทร์เต็มดวง It is full moon tonight. คุณเต็มใจจะไปกับผมไหม Are you willing to go with me? คืนนี้ฉันอยากจะนอนให้เต็มตา I want to have a good sleep tonight.

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Word: เต็มใจ

Short Definition:

V. to be willing; sV. willingly.

English Definition:

V. to be willing; sV. 2. willingly.

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Word: เต็มตัว

Short Definition:

all over the body, from head to toe; full length.

English Definition:

1. all over the body, from head to toe; 2. full length.

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Word: เต็มที

Short Definition:

let it be (indicating resignation, state of being fed up with something/someone)

English Definition:

let it be (indicating resignation, state of being fed up with something, someone).

Examples:

ดิฉันหัวหมุนเต็มที My head is extremely in a whirl (confused). ผมอยากจะเรียนว่า เราได้รับเงินเดือนน้อยเต็มที I should like to say that we are very much underpaid.

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Word: เต็มที่

Short Definition:

V. to be awful, terrible; sV. very, quite, awfully, hoplelessly, badly; fully.

English Definition:

V. 1. to be awful, terrible; sV. 2. very, quite, awfully, hopelessly, badly; 3. fully, to the fullest extent, extremely.

Examples:

งานกำลังเดินหน้าไปอย่างเต็มที่ The work proceeded full speed ahead.

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Word: เต็มประดา

Short Definition:

Adv. extremely.

English Definition:

Adv. extremely.

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Word: เต็มไปด้วย

Short Definition:

V. to be full of, filled with.

English Definition:

V. to be full of, filled with.

Examples:

อกเขาเต็มไปด้วยโทสะอันน่าสะพึงกลัว หลวงพ่อเบี้ยวดูเหมือนจะทำลายเขา His heart is filled with rage and anger, dreadful of Luang Phou Beow. It looks as though he wants to destroy him. ท้องฟ้าเต็มไปด้วยเมฆหมอก The sky was cloudy and foggy.

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Word: เต็มรัก

Short Definition:

fully, to the fullest extent.

English Definition:

fully, to the fullest extent.

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Word: เต็มอก

Short Definition:

V. to know fully in one's mind or heart.

English Definition:

V. to know fully in one's mind or heart.

Examples:

กำนันเจิมก็ไม่ใช่ร่ำรวยเป็นมหาเศรษฐี แกว่นก็รู้อยู่เต็มอก Kamnan Joem is not a multimillionaire, and you know it, Kaen.

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Word: เต้น

Short Definition:

V. to spring, jump; (the heart) to beat, throb.

English Definition:

V. 1. to spring, jump; 2. (the heart) to beat, throb.

Examples:

ม้าเต้นไปตามคำสั่งเขา The horse trotted to his command. เขาเต้น (เต้นแร้งเต้นกา) ด้วยความดีใจ He danced with joy. หัวใจของเธอเต้นด้วยความปิติ Her heart beat with delight.

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Word: เต้นรำ

Short Definition:

V. to dance.

English Definition:

V. to dance.

Examples:

เธอเต้นรำกับเขาตลอดคืน She danced with him all night. เรามาเต้นรำกันเถอะ Let's dance.

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Word: แตก

Short Definition:

V. to break; to be broken into pieces, smashed, shattered.

English Definition:

V. 1. to break; 2. to be broken into pieces, smashed, shattered.

L2 Definition:

ใจแตก- to be estranged, to be alienated, to have differences of opinion; แตกกัน- to have differences or disagreements; แตกฉาน- dextrous, characterized by ingenuity, skillful or adroit, artful, clever; แตกตื่น- to be separated by fright; แตกระแหง- to be cracked from excessive drought; แตกร้าว- to be split or cracked, to have a falling out due to difference in opinion; แตกหัก- irrevocable, unalterable; หน้าแตก- dismayed, appalled, daunted, embarrassed; เหงื่อแตก- to exude, ooze or trickle down (as perspiration).

Examples:

กระจกเงาแตกเสียแล้ว The mirror is broken. ภายในคณะรัฐบาล ได้มีการแตกความเห็นกันขึ้นแล้ว There have been differences of opinion within the government. ถ้าเราแตกสามัคคีกันเราก็แพ้ If we are disunited (divided), we shall be defeated. เขาตกใจเหงื่อแตก He was frightened and sweated all over. แก้วไม่ยักแตก เมื่อตกลงไปบนพื้น The glass did not break as it fell to the floor. ฉันจะตีหัวแกให้แตก I will break your head. พวกที่แตกแยกออกมาได้ตั้งพรรคการเมืองขึ้นใหม่ The splinter group has formed a new political party. ผมห้ามเธอไม่ได้ เพราะเธอใจแตกเสียแล้ว I cannot restrain her because she was abandoned to pleasure. การอ่านหนังสือทำให้ปัญญาของเขาแตกฉาน Reading gave him a profound and penetrating mind. ดินแห้งจนแตกระแหง The soil is so dry that it cracks.

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Word: แตกกระจัดกระจาย

Short Definition:

V. to be scattered.

English Definition:

V. to be scattered.

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Word: แตกกระจาย

Short Definition:

V. to break and scatter.

English Definition:

V. to break and scatter.

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Word: แตกฉาน

Short Definition:

sV. thoroughly, explicitly, in every detail.

English Definition:

sV. thoroughly, explicitly, in every detail.

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Word: แตกต่าง

Short Definition:

V. to be different.

English Definition:

V. to be different.

Examples:

ความเห็นของเขาแตกต่างจากผม His opinion is different from mine.

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Word: แตกต่างกัน

Short Definition:

V. to be different, to differ.

English Definition:

V. to be different, to differ.

Examples:

เขาทั้งสองแตกต่างกันอย่างกับน้ำกับไฟทีเดียว The two of them are quite as different as water and fire.

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Word: แตกตื่น

Short Definition:

V. to be excited.

English Definition:

V. to be excited.

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Word: แตกระแหง

Short Definition:

V. to be dry and cracked (e.g. because of drought).

English Definition:

V. to be dry and cracked (e.g. because of drought).

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Word: แตกสลาย

Short Definition:

V. to go (break into) to pieces, be ruined.

English Definition:

V. to go (break into) to pieces, be ruined.

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Word: แตงกวา

Short Definition:

N. a cucumber.

English Definition:

N. a cucumber.

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Word: แตงโม

Short Definition:

N. a watermelon.

English Definition:

N. a watermelon.

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Word: แตงร่มใบ

Short Definition:

lit. soft, silky (like a cucumber).

English Definition:

lit. soft, silky (like a cucumber).

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Word: แตน

Short Definition:

N. a wasp.

English Definition:

N. a wasp.

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Word: แต่อย่างไร

Short Definition:

in any way whatsoever, at all.

English Definition:

in any way whatsoever, at all.

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Word: แต่อย่างไรก็ตาม

Short Definition:

nevertheless.

English Definition:

nevertheless.

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Word: แต่อ้อนแต่่ออก

Short Definition:

elab. from the beginning (since a person was born).

English Definition:

elab. from the beginning (since a person was born).

Examples:

เขาชอบเรอเสียงดังตั้งแต่อ้อนแต่ออก - He always likes to burp out loudly from the beginning. (a sarcastic way of saying that he likes to burp since he was born)

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Word: แต่

Short Definition:

Cj. but; Prep. only, nothing, from, since; AA. only.

English Definition:

Cj. 1. but; Prep. 2. only, nothing, from, since; AA. 3. only.

L2 Definition:

1. ทว่า 2. เฉพาะ จาก ตั้งแต่ 3. เพียงแต่ เพียง

Examples:

ตั้งแต่ปีกลายมาแล้ว ยังไม่มีการเปลี่ยนแปลงเลย Since last year there has been no change. เขามีบุตรชายแต่เพียงคนเดียว He has only one son. ผมไปแต่เขาไม่ได้ไป I went, but he didn't.

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Word: แต่ก่อน

Short Definition:

before, in the past.

English Definition:

before, in the past.

Examples:

แต่ก่อนผู้หญิงเป็นของเล่นของพระเจ้าแผ่นดิน Women formerly were the sport of kings. ส่วนใหญ่ของกรุงเทพฯ แต่ก่อนอยู่ต่ำกว่าระดับน้ำทะเล Most parts of Bangkok were formerly below sea level.

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Word: แต่ก่อนนั้น

Short Definition:

in the past, in former times, previously.

English Definition:

in the past, in former times, previously.

Examples:

แต่ก่อนนั้น ประเทศในตะวันออกใช้มาตราเงิน In the past, Eastern countries used the silver standard.

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Word: แต่ก่อนนี้

Short Definition:

before this time.

English Definition:

before this time.

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Word: แต่ก็

Short Definition:

but then.

English Definition:

but then.

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Word: แต่ง

Short Definition:

V. to decorate, compose, get married, be married.

English Definition:

V. 1. to decorate, dress, adorn, trim; 2. to compose (e.g. music, poem); 3. to get married, be married.

L2 Definition:

แต่งตั้ง (to elect, to promote or appoint to an office, to confer a title), แต่งตัว (to dress oneself), ตบแต่ง (to embellish, to beautify), แต่งหนังสือ (to compose, to compile, to write).

Examples:

ฉันจะแต่งแผลให้เธอเดี๋ยวนี้ I shall dress your wound right now. เขาแต่งบ้านของเขาด้วยธงทิว He decorated his house with flags.

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Word: แต่งงาน

Short Definition:

V. to marry.

English Definition:

V. to marry.

Examples:

ดิฉันจะไม่แต่งงานกับเขาเป็นอันขาด I shall never marry him. หลังจากแต่งงานแล้ว เขาก็ไปดื่มน้ำผึ้งพระจันทร์กันที่ญี่ปุ่น After the wedding they went to Japan for a honeymoon. การแต่งงานลงเอยด้วยการหย่า The marriage ended in divorce.

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Word: แต่งตั้ง

Short Definition:

V. to appoint.

English Definition:

V. to appoint.

Examples:

พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวได้ทรงพระกรุณาโปรดเกล้า ฯ แต่งตั้งผู้แทนขึ้น คณะหนึ่ง เพื่อไปร่วมการประชุม The King was pleased to appoint a delegation to the conference.

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Word: แต่งตัว

Short Definition:

V. to dress.

English Definition:

V. to dress.

L2 Definition:

Syn. แต่งกาย- to dress up, to dress oneself.

Examples:

เรามาสายเพราะภรรยาผมใช้เวลาแต่งตัวตั้งสองชั่วโมง We are late because my wife took two hours to dress (to dress up, to dress herself).

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Word: แต่โดยที่

Short Definition:

because.

English Definition:

because.

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Word: แต่ถ้า

Short Definition:

Cj. but if.

English Definition:

Cj. but if.

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Word: แต่ถึง

Short Definition:

but even so, but nevertheless.

English Definition:

but even so, but nevertheless.

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Word: แต่ถึงกระนั้น

Short Definition:

but nevertheless, but even so.

English Definition:

but nevertheless, but even so.

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Word: แต่นี่

Short Definition:

here, from here.

English Definition:

here, from here.

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Word: แต่ประการใด

Short Definition:

whatsoever, at all, of any kind, in any way.

English Definition:

whatsoever, at all, of any kind, in any way.

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Word: แต่พอ

Short Definition:

when, as soon as.

English Definition:

when, as soon as.

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Word: แต่เพราะ

Short Definition:

because.

English Definition:

because.

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Word: แต่เพียง

Short Definition:

nothing but, only, just.

English Definition:

nothing but, only, just.

Examples:

ศาสนาไม่ควรจะเป็นแต่เพียงการประกอบพิธี (พิธีกรรม) เท่านั้น Religion should not consist solely of holding rites (of ritual).

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Word: แต่เพียงเท่านั้น

Short Definition:

nothing but, only, just.

English Definition:

nothing but, only, just.

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Word: แต่เมื่อ

Short Definition:

but when.

English Definition:

but when.

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Word: แต่แรก

Short Definition:

at first, from the beginning.

English Definition:

at first, from the beginning.

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Word: แต่ละ

Short Definition:

each and every (one of ), every single (followed by a classifier).

English Definition:

each and every (one of), every single (followed by a classifier).

Examples:

เขามึนเมาไม่เว้นแต่ละวัน He was drunk every day.

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Word: แต่แล้ว

Short Definition:

then, and then.

English Definition:

then, and then.

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Word: แต่ว่า

Short Definition:

but.

English Definition:

but.

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Word: โต

Short Definition:

Adj. V. to be big, large, mature, grown.

English Definition:

Adj. V. to be big, large, mature, grown.

L2 Definition:

โตขึ้น- to grow.

Examples:

เขามองดูเงินด้วยตาอันพองโต He looked at the money with big bulging eyes. เขาตกเบ็ดได้ปลาตัวโต He hooked a big fish. อย่าคุยโต (อวดโต) ไปหน่อยเลย Don't talk big. ต้นไม้กำลังโต The plants are growing.

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Word: โตกว่า

Short Definition:

V. to be bigger.

English Definition:

V. to be bigger.

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Word: โต๊ะ

Short Definition:

N. a table.

English Definition:

N. a table.

L2 Definition:

โต๊ะเขียนหนังสือ (a desk), โต๊ะบูชา (an altar), โต๊ะเสวย (the king's table), โต๊ะชำระเงิน (a counter), โต๊ะเครื่องแป้ง (a dressing-table, a vanity).

Examples:

แกว่นตั้งโต๊ะของเขาไว้กลางลานวัด ในที่ที่ทุกคนต้องผ่าน Kwaen set his table in the middle of the yard of the temple, a place where everyone must pass to go through.

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Word: โต๊ะที่บูชา

Short Definition:

N. a table used as an altar, altar.

English Definition:

N. a table used as an altar, altar.

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Word: โต๊ะรับแขก

Short Definition:

N. a coffee table (table for the living room).

English Definition:

N. a coffee table (table for the living room).

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Word: โต้ง

Short Definition:

Adj. big, overgrown, tall, high, towering, lofty; obvious.

English Definition:

Adj. big, overgrown, tall, high, towering, lofty; obvious.

Examples:

ภาวะของฉันก็บอกอยู่โต้ง ๆ แล้วว่าฉันอยู่เพื่อสันติภาพ My very existence (position) is obviously a proof that I live for peace. เขาโต้งกว่าเพื่อน He is bigger than the others. เพื่อนคนโต้งของคุณนั้นอายุเท่าไร How old is that big friend of yours?

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Word: โต้ตอบ

Short Definition:

V. to answer back and forth, perform some action back and forth, debate.

English Definition:

V. 1. to answer back and forth, perform some action back and forth, debate, exchange; sV. 2. back and forth (as in debate).

Examples:

พระจรูญพูดโต้ตอบโดยไม่ลืมตาหรือเหลียวมาดูสมภารเลย Monk Jaroon exchanged a few words without opening his eyes or even looking at the abbot.

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Word: โต้เถียง

Short Definition:

V. to contradict, to argue, to dispute.

English Definition:

V. to contradict, to argue, to dispute.

Examples:

ผมขอโต้เถียงข้อวินิจฉัยของคุณ I beg to dispute your conclusions.

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Word: ใต้

Short Definition:

Adv. Prep. under, underneath, below; south, to the south.

English Definition:

Adv. Prep. 1. under, underneath, below; 2. south; to the south.

L2 Definition:

ใต้ถุน (the space beneath a Siamese house or floor), ใต้เท้า (you (used to nobility of high rank)), ใต้ฝ่าพระบาท (you (used to royalty)), ใต้ฝ่าละอองพระบาท (you (used to high princess or those next in rank to His Majesty, the King)), ใต้ฝ่าละอองธุลีพระบาท (you (used to His Majesty, the King)), ใต้ลม, บังลม (to be on the lee, or sheltered side), ทางทิศใต้ (southern), ทิศใต้ (the south, a point of the compass).

Examples:

เรือแล่นตรงไปทางทิศใต้ The ship sailed due south. ชาวใต้มีภาษาท้องถิ่นของเขา The southerners have their own dialect. ใต้ทะเลมีทั้งพันธ์ุไม้และพันธ์ุสัตว์ Under the sea there is plant life as well as animal life. เขาซ่อนเอกสารไว้ใต้โต๊ะเขียนหนังสือ He concealed the documents underneath the desk. เขาดูคำอธิบายข้างใต้ภาพ He looked at the caption beneath the picture.

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Word: ใต้ถุน

Short Definition:

N. the space (open or closed) under a Thai house.

English Definition:

N. the space (open or closed) under a Thai house.

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Word: ใต้เท้า

Short Definition:

N. second person singular pronoun equivalent to Your Excellency.

English Definition:

N. you, your honor, second person singular pronoun equivalent to Your Excellency, now becoming obsolescent.

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Word: ไตรจีวร

Short Definition:

N. the three sets of robes of a Buddhist monk.

English Definition:

N. the three sets of robes of a Buddhist monk, consisting of the under, the upper and the outer robes; Triple Robe.

L2 Definition:

(ไตร-จี-วอน)

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Word: ไตร่ตรอง

Short Definition:

V. eleg. to consider, to think over, think carefully.

English Definition:

V. eleg. to consider, to think over, think carefully.

Examples:

ผมไตร่ตรองเรื่องนี้ตกแล้ว I have thought out the matter.

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Word: ไต่

Short Definition:

V. to climb or crawl by means of the hands and feet.

English Definition:

V. to climb or crawl by means of the hands and feet, to walk carefully or gingerly (as over a precarius bridge), to creep along (as worms), to scamper along the limb of a tree (as squirrels), to grow clinging to the limb of a tree or a support (as vines), to move by adhering to a smooth surface (as lizards).

L2 Definition:

ไต่คู้(ไม้) (an accent mark shaped like a Siamese figure eight, placed over words to indicate a short sound, as ก็), ไต่ลวด (to walk or dance on a tight rope), ไต่สวน (to investigate, to interrogate), ไต่ถาม (to question, to ask, to examine).

Examples:

เขาไต่ขึ้นไปจนถึงยอด He climbed to the top.

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Word: ไต่สวน

Short Definition:

V. to question, to examine, to investigate, to ask.

English Definition:

V. to question, to examine, to investigate, to ask.

Examples:

เขาถูกตำรวจไต่สวนหลายชั่วโมง He was questioned by the police for many hours.

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Word:

Short Definition:

The twenty-second consonant in the Thai alphabet.

English Definition:

The twenty-second consonant in the Thai alphabet, a high class letter of which there are eleven. ถอ-ถุง is the designating name. It is pronounced as the English aspirated "t."

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Word: ถกเถียง

Short Definition:

V. to argue, to discuss, to dispute.

English Definition:

V. to argue, to discuss, to dispute.

Examples:

เรื่องนี้เขาจะถกเถียงกันต่อไป This matter will have to be discussed further.

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Word: ถนน

Short Definition:

N. a road, a street, an avenue, a boulevard.

English Definition:

N. a road, a street, an avenue, a boulevard.

L2 Definition:

ถนนหลวง (a public highway, a thoroughfare).

Examples:

ถนนสายนี้ไปยุโรป This road leads to Europe. ถนนหนทางไปสู่กรุงเทพ ฯ ถูกตัดขาดหมด All roads to Bangkok were cut off. เรายังจะต้องต่อถนนราคากันต่อไปอีก We shall have to do further bargaining about the price.

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Word: ถนนลาดยาง

Short Definition:

N. asphalt road.

English Definition:

N. asphalt road.

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Word: ถนัด

Short Definition:

V. to be handy, skillful, clear; easy, natural; clearly, considerably, quite.

English Definition:

V. 1. to be handy, skillful; 2. easy, natural; 3. to be clear, distinct; 4. clearly, considerably, quite.

L2 Definition:

(ถะ-หนัด)

Examples:

เขาถนัดมือซ้าย He is left-handed.

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Word: ถนัดใจ

Short Definition:

not as usual, contrary to normal; bigger than usual, more than usual.

English Definition:

not as usual, contrary to normal; bigger than usual, more than usual.

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Word: ถม

Short Definition:

N. name of a character; to fill up (as a hole with earth).

English Definition:

N. 1. name of a character in the Phai Daeng novel; V. 2. to fill up (as a hole with earth), to raise wiht earth filled in.

L2 Definition:

เครื่องถม- niello ware; ถมถืด, ถมเถ, ถมไป- abundant, fully sufficient, ample, much, plenty.

Examples:

ผมจะถมบ่อนี้ I am going to fill up this pond. นายเอางานมาถมให้ผมมากมาย The boss overwhelmed me with work.

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Word: ถ่ม

Short Definition:

V. to spit, to spit out.

English Definition:

V. to spit, to spit out.

L2 Definition:

บ้วนน้ำลาย (a more refined expression than ถ่มน้ำลาย), ถ่มเสมหะ (to expectorate mucus).

Examples:

ห้ามถ่มน้ำลายที่นี่ Spitting is forbidden here (No spitting here). เขาถ่มโลหิตออกมา He spat blood.

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Word: ถมไป

Short Definition:

V. to be abundant, plenty, lots.

English Definition:

V. to be abundant, plenty, lots.

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Word: ถมึงทึง

Short Definition:

V. to look sullen, sulky, very cross, grave, serious; sV. sulky, crossly.

English Definition:

V. 1. to look sullen, sulky, very cross, grave, solemn, serious; sV. 2. sulky, crossly.

L2 Definition:

(ถะ-หมึง-ทึง)

Examples:

ทำไมเธอจึงถมึงทึงนัก Why do you look so serious.

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Word: ถลน

Short Definition:

V. (the eyes) to protrude, bulge, pop.

English Definition:

V. (the eyes) to protrude, bulge, pop.

Examples:

ตาของเขาถลนออกมาจากเบ้า His eyes popped out of their sockets.

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Word: ถลัน

Short Definition:

V. to dash forward, rush in, rush up to.

English Definition:

V. to dash forward, rush in, rush up to.

Examples:

เขาถลันเข้าไปในกองเพลิง He rushed into the fire.

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Word: ถลึงตา

Short Definition:

V. to stare (someone) down, give a stern look (show disapproval).

English Definition:

V. to stare (someone) down, give a stern look (showing disapproval).

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Word: ถ่วง

Short Definition:

V. to load, to weight, to delay, to drag, to retard, to handicap.

English Definition:

V. 1. to load, to weight; 2. to delay, to drag, to retard, to handicap.

L2 Definition:

ลูกถ่วง- counter-weights; ถ่วงให้ชักช้า- to cause unnecessary delay, to obstruct (as by making trifling objections); ถ่วงเรือ- to place ballast in a boat or ship.

Examples:

เบ็ดถูกถ่วงให้จม The fish-hook is weighted to make it sink. ผมจะไม่ถ่วงความเจริญของคุณ I won't be a drag on you.

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Word: ถ้วน

Short Definition:

Adj. V. Adv. in full, fully; roundly, in round figures; exactly, correctly.

English Definition:

Adj. V. Adv. 1. in full, fully; 2. roundly, in round figures; 3. exactly, no more and no less, correctly; 4. miscellaneous senses.

L2 Definition:

ถ้วนถี่ (exact, precise, marked by nicety or exactness), คนถ้วนถี่ (a person particular in all the details), นับไม่ถ้วน (countless, unbounded, limitless, innumerable).

Examples:

เขายังชำระหนี้ไม่ถ้วน He has not yet fully paid his debts (has not yet paid his debts in full). ผมต้องการเงิน ๑๐๐ บาทถ้วน I want 100 baht, no more and no less. เธอนับเงินทอนถ้วนแล้วหรือ Did you find the change correct? เราพบอุปสรรคนับไม่ถ้วน We encountered untold obstacles.

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Word: ถ้วย

Short Definition:

N. bowl; cup.

English Definition:

N. bowl; cup.

L2 Definition:

ถ้วยแก้ว (a tumbler, a drinking glass), ถ้วยชา (a tea-cup), ถ้วยชาม (pottery, crockery), ถ้วยสามารถ (a prize cup awarded for some athletic event).

Examples:

"พี่ทิพย์ผมขอน้ำจิ้มอีกถ้วยหนึ่งได้ไหม" "(Older sister) Thip can I have one more bowl of the sauce?"

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Word: ถวาย

Short Definition:

V. roy. sacr. to give, to offer, to present.

English Definition:

V. roy. sacr. to give, to offer, to present.

L2 Definition:

ถวายคำนับ (to pay obeisance to the royalty by bowing), ถวายบังคม (to pay obeisance to the royalty or a royal memorial by putting the palms of the hands together and bending the head down to touch the hands, or by bowing), ถวายพระพร (to bless, bless Your Highness, a formal greeting used by priests to royalty), ถวายพระเพลิง (to light the funeral pyre of a dead prince or king).

Examples:

ดอกไม้เหล่านี้สำหรับถวายพระพุทธ These flowers are to be placed before the image of Buddha. ทุกคนในที่นี้ยินดีจะถวายชีวิตเพื่อประเทศชาติ Everybody here is willing to sacrifice his life for the country.

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Word: ถอด

Short Definition:

V. to undo, take off, remove, strip; to relieve, demote; to adapt, translate.

English Definition:

V. 1. to undo, to take off, to remove, to strip, to unscrew; 2. to relieve, to demote; 3. to adapt, to translate, to transliterate.

L2 Definition:

ถอดเครื่องจำจอง (to unshackle, to unfetter), ถอดรองเท้า (to remove the shoes), ถอดเปลี่ยนใหม่ (to replace with a new one (as some spare part)), ถอดแบบ (to take a copy of, to make a fascimile of), ถอดจากตำแหน่ง (to be removed from an official position), ถอดฟ้อง (to delete a case from the court's agenda), ใหม่ถอดด้าม (absolutely new, fresh from the factory).

Examples:

เขาถอดหมวกขณะที่ขบวนแห่ศพผ่านไป He removed his hat as the funeral procession passed. เขาถูกถอดจากตำแหน่งผู้บังคับบัญชา He was relieved of his command. ละครเรื่องนี้ถอดแบบมาจากจีน This play is adapted (is an adaptation) from the Chinese.

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Word: ถอดแบบ

Short Definition:

V. to reproduce, duplicate; to resemble in every detail.

English Definition:

V. to reproduce, duplicate; to resemble in every detail.

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Word: ถอน

Short Definition:

V. to pull, to pull up; to withdraw, to retract.

English Definition:

V. to pull, to pull up; to withdraw, to retract.

L2 Definition:

ถอนสายบัว (to curtsy (curtsey)).

Examples:

เขาถอนเงินของเขาออกจากธนาคารหมด He drew out all his money from the bank. เขาไม่ยอมถอนคำของเขา He refused to withdraw his statement. เขาได้ถอนคดีไปแล้ว He has withdrawn the case. เขาถอนตัวออกจากการเมือง He withdrew from politics. เขาถูกถอนใบอนุญาต His license was revoked. เธอถอนหมั้นเขาแล้ว She has broken off her engagement to him. เรือถอนสมอแล้ว The ship has weighed anchor. เขาถอนใจใหญ่ He sighed deeply (He gave out a deep sigh, He heaved a deep sigh).

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Word: ถอนใจ

Short Definition:

V. to sigh, heave a sigh.

English Definition:

V. to sigh, heave a sigh.

Examples:

"เมื่อคุณสบายดีก็แล้วไป" สมภารพูดแล้วก็ถอนใจ "As long as you're fine, I'm just going to leave it at that," the abbot said with a deep sigh.

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Word: ถอนตัว

Short Definition:

V. to withdraw (from), pull (oneself) out (of).

English Definition:

V. to withdraw (from), pull (oneself) out (of).

Examples:

เขาถอนตัวไม่เข้ารับสมัคร He withdrew his candidature.

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Word: ถอนหายใจ

Short Definition:

V. to sigh, heave a sigh.

English Definition:

V. to sigh, heave a sigh.

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Word: ถอย

Short Definition:

V. to move, to abandon, to withdraw (as from a military position), to recede.

English Definition:

V. to move, to abandon, to withdraw (as from a military position), to recede (as the tide), to retire (as taking a position in the rear), to abate (as anger, or the symptoms of a disease).

L2 Definition:

ถอยกำลัง (to become weakened), ถอยความเพียร (to become less industrious or persevering), ถอยจากที่ (to remove from a place), ถอยทัพ (to retreat (as an army)), ถอยหลัง (to move backwards), ถอยหน้าถอยหลัง (to vacillate or fluctuate in mind, purpose or action, a condition of indecision or uncertainty).

Examples:

บังโคลนบุบไป ขณะที่ผมถอยรถ A mudguard (fender, wing) was damaged while I manoeuver the car. เธอยังถอยหลังรถไม่เป็น She has not learned to back the car. พายุถอยกำลังลงแล้ว The storm has abated. ผมยังไม่ถอยความพยายาม I have not relaxed (slackened, let up) my efforts.

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Word: ถ่อ

Short Definition:

V. to pole (a boat); colloq. to make a special effort (e.g. to go somewhere).

English Definition:

V. 1. to pole (a boat); 2. colloq. to make a special effort (e.g. in order to take a trip, go somewhere).

L2 Definition:

ถ่อกาย, ฝืนกาย (to subdue the physical nature, to overcome physical desire by discipline).

Examples:

ฉันไม่ถ่อกายไปบ้านเขาดอก I won't drag myself to his home.

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Word: ถ้อยคำ

Short Definition:

N. words, wording, expressions.

English Definition:

N. words, wording, expressions.

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Word: ถ้อยแถลง

Short Definition:

N. statement, argument, summation.

English Definition:

N. statement, argument, summation.

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Word: ถัง

Short Definition:

N. a bucket, a pail, a tank, a capacity measure equal to 20 liters.

English Definition:

N. a bucket, a pail, a tank, a capacity measure equal to 20 liters.

Examples:

เขาตกถังข้าวสาร He fell into a rice bin (married into money).

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Word: ถังน้ำมัน

Short Definition:

N. (gas) tank.

English Definition:

N. (gas) tank.

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Word: ถัด

Short Definition:

Adj. Adv. V. (of a child) to move in a sitting position; next.

English Definition:

Adj. Adv. V. 1. (of a child) to move in a sitting position; 2. next.

Examples:

เขาอยู่ถัดไปจากบ้านผม He lives next to my house. คนถัดไปโปรดเข้ามา The next man please come in.

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Word: ถัดจาก

Short Definition:

Adj. Adv. V. next to.

English Definition:

Adj. Adv. V. next to.

Examples:

เขานั่งจากผมไป He sat next to me. เขามียศถัดขึ้นไปจากผม He ranks next above me.

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Word: ถัว

Short Definition:

V. to take the mean, to average.

English Definition:

V. to take the mean, to average.

L2 Definition:

ถัวค่าเสียหาย (to average the amount of the loss arising by damage to a ship or cargo).

Examples:

ค่าใช้จ่ายถัวได้วันละ100บาท Expenses average 100 baht daily. ฝนตกคิดถัวได้ปีละ 20 นิ้ว Rainfall averages 20 inches a year.

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Word: ถั่ว

Short Definition:

N. nuts.

English Definition:

N. nuts.

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Word: ถั่วลิสง

Short Definition:

N. colloq. peanut.

English Definition:

N. colloq. peanut.

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Word: ถากถาง

Short Definition:

V. colloq. to rub it in; to criticize sarcastically, satirize.

English Definition:

V. colloq. 1. to rub it in; 2. to criticize sarcastically, satirize.

Examples:

เขาชอบพูดจาถากถางคนอื่น - He likes to speak sarcastically to other people.

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Word: ถาง

Short Definition:

V. to clear (a forest), to cut away (grass, weeds).

English Definition:

V. to clear (a forest), to cut away (grass, weeds).

L2 Definition:

ถางทาง (to prepare a way (as through tropical forests), ถางที่ (to make a clearing (as in jungle)), ถางไร่ (to remove weeds from a field), ถางหญ้า (to remove grass by using a large knife).

Examples:

เขาถางทางเข้าไปในป่า He cleared a path into the jungle. เขาจะต้องถางทางก่อนที่จะทำการเพาะปลูก I have to clear the land before planting. เขาใช้เวลาทั้งวันถางหญ้าในสนาม He spent the whole day cutting grasses (weeding) on his lawn.

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Word: ถาด

Short Definition:

N. tray, a metal serving-dish, a waiter or salver.

English Definition:

N. tray, a metal serving-dish, a waiter or salver.

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Word: ถาม

Short Definition:

V. to ask (a question); to inquire of (a person).

English Definition:

V. 1. to ask (a question); 2. to inquire of (a person).

L2 Definition:

คนมักถาม (an inquisitive person), คำถาม (a question), ถามข่าว (to inquire regarding the news of), ถามเขา (to ask them or him).

Examples:

เขาไม่เคยนึกฝันว่าจะถามเธอ He never dreamed of asking her. เธอถาม (ถามไถ่) ถึงคุณ She asked after you. เขาไม่ยอมให้ตำรวจถาม.

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Word: ถามดู

Short Definition:

V. to ask, to make inquiries.

English Definition:

V. to ask, to make inquiries.

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Word: ถาวร

Short Definition:

Adj. V. Adv. enduring, lasting, permanent, for good.

English Definition:

Adj. V. Adv. enduring, lasting, permanent, for good.

L2 Definition:

ถาวรวัตถุ (permanent structures, especially those built of stones, a lasting monument, an institution).

Examples:

เราจะตั้งถิ่นฐานอยู่ในเมืองไทยเป็นการถาวร We are going to settle down in Thailand for good (permanently).

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Word: ถ้าอย่างนั้น

Short Definition:

in that case, in that event, if that is so, if that is the case.

English Definition:

in that case, in that event, if that is so, if that is the case.

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Word: ถ่าน

Short Definition:

N. charcoal.

English Definition:

N. charcoal.

L2 Definition:

ถ่านไฟเก่า (an old lover, an old flame), ถ่านหิน (coal), ถ่านไฟฉาย (a battery or a dry cell for a flashlight).

Examples:

บ้านถูกเผาลงเป็นถ่าน The house was burnt (burned) to cinders.

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Word: ถ่านไฟฉาย

Short Definition:

N. a battery (e.g. flashlight battery).

English Definition:

N. a battery (e.g. flashlight battery).

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Word: ถ่านหิน

Short Definition:

N. coal.

English Definition:

N. coal.

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Word: ถ่าย

Short Definition:

V. to transfer, to change; to evacuate; to make, to shoot; to translate.

English Definition:

V. 1. to transfer, to change, to pass on, to relay; 2. to evacuate; 3. to make, to take, to model after; 4. to shoot; 5. to translate, to transliterate, to adapt.

L2 Definition:

ถ่ายน้ำ (to remove water from one vessel to another, to replace with fresh water (as in a boiler or aquarium), ถ่ายท้อง (to purge (as resulting from a disease)), ถ่ายยา (to purge (as with a drug)), ถ่ายแบบ (to convey from one surface to another (as a drawing)), ถ่ายรูป (to take or make a photograhp), ถ่ายเท (merciful, lenient, forgivign, forbearing).

Examples:

เขาถ่่ายความรับผิดชอบมาให้ผม He transfered his responsibilities to me. เขาถ่ายท้องของเขาด้วยน้ำมันละหุ่ง He evacuated his bowels with castor oil. วัดนี้ถ่ายแบบมาจากนครวัด This temple is modeled after Angkor Wat. เขาถ่ายภาพเก่ง He is a good photographer. เขาถ่ายความได้ดีมาก He translated very well.

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Word: ถ่ายรูป

Short Definition:

V. to take a photograph.

English Definition:

V. to take a photograph.

Examples:

ดิฉันถ่ายรูปไม่เป็น I don't know how to take a photograph.

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Word: ถ้า

Short Definition:

Conj. if; Adv. perchance, perhaps, peradventure, possibly, as, since, when.

English Definition:

1. Conj. if; 2. Adv. perchance, perhaps, peradventure, possibly; 3. Adv. as, since, because, when.

L2 Definition:

ถ้าเช่นนั้น (if that is so), ถ้าเป็นเช่นนั้น (if such is the case), ถ้าแม้นว่า (therefore, however), ถ้าเรา (if we), ถ้าเห็นด้วย (if you are agreeable, if you concur in my opinion), ถ้าจะได้ (will probably get, will be granted or paid (as a request for money or bill due)), ถ้าจะไม่รอดเสียแล้ว (the rocovery is problematic).

Examples:

ฉันช่วยใครไม่ได้ ถ้าเป็นปัญหาของสังคมก็ไปอีกอย่างหนึ่ง I can't help anybody. If it's a social problem, then that's another story (thenI can probably help). เราจะเป็นอยู่ไม่ได้ ถ้าไม่มีอากาศ We cannot exist without air.

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Word: ถ้าจะ

Short Definition:

AA. might, (it) could be, maybe.

English Definition:

AA. might, (it) could be, maybe.

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Word: ถ้าจะว่าไป

Short Definition:

one might say, as a matter of fact.

English Definition:

one might say, as a matter of fact.

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Word: ถ้าเผื่อ

Short Definition:

Cj. if.

English Definition:

Cj. if.

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Word: ถ้าไม่ยังงั้น

Short Definition:

if not.

English Definition:

if not.

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Word: ถ้าหาก

Short Definition:

if, supposing that, in the event that.

English Definition:

if, supposing that, in the event that.

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Word: ถ้าหากว่า

Short Definition:

if, supposing that, in the event that.

English Definition:

if, supposing that, in the event that.

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Word: ถ้ำ

Short Definition:

N. a cave, tunnel

English Definition:

N. a cave, tunnel.

L2 Definition:

ถ้ำมอง (a kaleidoscope, a picture peep-show), ถ้ำเหว (a cave containing a pit or subterranean passage).

Examples:

เสือสองตัวอยู่ถ้ำเดียวกันไม่ได้ You cannot have two tigers in one den.

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Word: ถีบ

Short Definition:

V. to kick, to give a forceful shove with the foot; to pedal; to soar.

English Definition:

V. 1. to kick, to give a forceful shove with the foot; 2. to pedal (bicycle); 3. to soar.

Examples:

เขาถูกเตะ ถูกถีบออกมาจากห้อง He was kicked and spurned out of the room. เขาถีบรถจักรยานไปถึงเชียงใหม่ He pedalled (pedaled) his bicycle to Chiang Mai. สินค้าออกปีนี้ ถีบสูงขึ้นไปกว่าปีกลายมาก Exports this year soared considerably above last year.

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Word: ถี่

Short Definition:

Adj. in quick succession (as strokes of a hammer, or whip), close together.

English Definition:

Adj. 1. in quick succession (as strokes of a hammer, or whip); 2. close together (as a line of stakes or posts); 3. dense, closely placed, or choked (as trees in a forest).

L2 Definition:

ถี่เกินไป (too solid or compact (as typewritten words or lines)), ถี่ถ้วน (particular, exact, minute, precise, thorough, not superficial, marked by careful attention throughout), ถี่เท้า (a speedy, swift, or rapid walker).

Examples:

สถานีวิทยุกระจายเสียงออกอากาศโดยใช้ความถี่ ๘๐๐ กิโลไซเคิล The broadcasting station goes on the air on a frequency of 800 kilocycles. ลูกกรงถี่เกินไป The bars are too closely spaced. บรรทัดควรจะถี่ยิ่งกว่านี้ เพื่อประหยัดที่ The lines should be made closer to save space.

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Word: ถี่ถ้วน

Short Definition:

V. to be accurate, thorough, careful, scrupulous.

English Definition:

V. to be accurate, thorough, careful, scrupulous.

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Word: ถึง

Short Definition:

V. to reach, get to; sV. to; of, about, concerning; comes to the point that, so.

English Definition:

V. 1. to reach, get to; sV. 2. to; 3. of, about, concerning; 4. comes to the point that; AA. 5. so, then; Cj. 6. even though.

L2 Definition:

ถึงกระนั้น (although, be it so, suppose that), ถึงกัน (to be contiguous, adjoining, or in contact with, to cohabit, to have intercourse (sexually)), ถึงกำหนดเวลา, ขนาด, ที่ (to reach the allotted time, place or size), ถึงแก่กรรม (to die (used for all in ordinary standing and for well-to-do persons)), ถึงที่ (to have reached the inevitable), ถึงใจ (satisfactory), ถึงว่า (even though, notwithstanding, granting that), ถึงตาย, ถึงสิ้นชีวิต (to the final end, till death ensues).

Examples:

เราถึงประจวบในเวลาห้าชั่วโมง We reached (We arrived at) Prachuap in five hours. ขบวนรถมาถึงเวลาเท่าไร What time does the train arrive? เขาถึงแก่กรรม (ถึงแก่อนิจกรรม) เสียแล้ว He has passed away. เขามิได้พูดถึงคุณ He did not refer to you. เขาขาดทุนถึงสามล้านบาท He lost to the extent of three million baht. ถึงผมจะได้เตือนเขาแล้ว เขาก็ยังทำ Despite (In spite of, Notwithstanding) my warning, he still did it. เขาต่อสู้กันอย่างถึงพริกถึงขิง They fought doughtily (fought hammer and tongs, fought tooth and nail, fought like kilkenny cats).

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Word: ถึงกับ

Short Definition:

so as, to the point that, until.

English Definition:

so as, to the point that, until.

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Word: ถึงแก่น

Short Definition:

at the core, at the right spot.

English Definition:

at the core, at the right spot.

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Word: ถึงคราวเคราะห์

Short Definition:

V. to be unfortunate.

English Definition:

V. to be unfortunate.

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Word: ถึงจะ

Short Definition:

AA. colloq. so, then, as a consequence.

English Definition:

AA. colloq. so, then, as a consequence.

Examples:

ฉันบอก เขาถึงจะไป I tell and then he leaves.

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Word: ถึงชีวิด

Short Definition:

V. to die an untimely death.

English Definition:

V. to die an untimely death.

Examples:

ความประมาทก่อให้เกิดอันตรายถึงแก่ชีวิต - Being carelessness can cause death.

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Word: ถึงได้

Short Definition:

how come?

English Definition:

how come?

Examples:

คุณทำอย่างไรถึงได้อันนี้มา How come did you do to get this thing?

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Word: ถึงตา

Short Definition:

V. colloq. to reach (one's) turn (to) do something.

English Definition:

V. colloq. to reach (one's) turn (to) do something.

Examples:

ถึงตาเธอแล้วนะ - It's your turn.

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Word: ถึงตาย

Short Definition:

V. to die, to reach death.

English Definition:

V. to die, to reach death.

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Word: ถึงที่

Short Definition:

V. colloq. to be doomed to die.

English Definition:

V. colloq. to be doomed to die (short for ถึงที่ตาย).

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Word: ถึงปากถึงท้อง

Short Definition:

V. elab. to reach (the mouths of the needy).

English Definition:

V. elab. to reach (the mouths of the needy).

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Word: ถึงเพียงนั้น

Short Definition:

to that extent.

English Definition:

to that extent.

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Word: ถึงเพียงนี้

Short Definition:

to this extent, up to this level.

English Definition:

to this extent, up to this level.

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Word: ถึงมวยถึงหมัด

Short Definition:

V. elab. to be on the verge of fighting.

English Definition:

V. elab. to be on the verge of fighting.

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Word: ถึงเมื่อ

Short Definition:

when.

English Definition:

when.

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Word: ถึงแม้

Short Definition:

however, although, even though.

English Definition:

however, although, even though.

Examples:

ถึงแม้เขาจะจนแต่เขาก็มีความสุข - Even though he is poor but he is happy.

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Word: ถึงแม้ว่า

Short Definition:

although, even though, in spite of.

English Definition:

although, even though, in spite of.

Examples:

ถึงแม้ว่าเขาจะจนแต่เขาก็มีความสุข - Even though he is poor but he is happy.

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Word: ถึงยาก

Short Definition:

quite difficult.

English Definition:

quite difficult.

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Word: ถึงล้มถึงตาย

Short Definition:

V. elab. to die.

English Definition:

V. elab. to die.

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Word: ถึงว่า

Short Definition:

that is true.

English Definition:

that is true.

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Word: ถึงอย่างนั้นก็เถิด

Short Definition:

no matter what, nevertheless, even so.

English Definition:

no matter what, nevertheless, even so.

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Word: ถึงอย่างไร

Short Definition:

however; anyhow.

English Definition:

however; anyhow.

Examples:

การฆ่าสัตว์เป็นบาปถึงอย่างไร How sinful is killing animals?

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Word: ถือ

Short Definition:

V. to hold, to carry ; to uphold, to believe; to regard, to consider.

English Definition:

V. 1. to hold, to bear, to carry (in the hand); 2. to hold, to regard, to consider; 3. to hold in esteem, to have repsect for, to worship, to profess, to observe; 4. to hold in possession, to bear; 5. to hold on lease, to occupy; 6. to hold against, to disapprove, to resent; 7. to assume arbitrarily, to take the liberty, to be presumptuous.

L2 Definition:

คนไทยถือ- the Siamese people honour or respect (a person), or hold inviolable (a custom or tradition); ถือ (ของ)- to hold in the hand; ถือคำสอน- to abide by the teaching of; ถือใจ- to be positive or certain, to be firm, to be confident beyond doubt; ถือดี- to be conceited or proud of one's ability; ถือตัว- to be condeited, to become haughty; ถือท้าย- to steer the boat, to take the helm), ถือโทษ (to hold a grudge against, to be of an inforgiving spirit; นับถือ- to respect, to show reverence for; ถือศีล- to observe a religious rite; ถือศาสนา- to adhere to a religion.

Examples:

เขาถือไม้เรียวไว้ในมือของเขา He held a rod in his hand. ผมถือว่าเขาเป็นผู้มีบุญคุณต่อผม I regard him as my benefactor. อย่าทำอย่างนั้น เขาถือ Don't do that, it is resented. ผู้ถือดินได้รับการยกเว้นไม่ต้องเสียภาษี Leaseholders (Occupants of land ond lease) are exempt from tax. เขาถืออำนาจเป็นเจ้าชีวิตคนหลายล้านคน He arbitrarily assumed the power of life and death over several million people.

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Word: ถือตัว

Short Definition:

V. to have a high opinion of oneself.

English Definition:

V. to have a high opinion of oneself.

Examples:

เขาไม่ถือตัวเลย He is not a bit over-bearing (arrogant, haughty).

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Word: ถือท้าย

Short Definition:

V. to steer a ship.

English Definition:

V. to steer a ship.

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Word: ถือลัทธิ

Short Definition:

V. to profess a doctrine, belief, faith, creed.

English Definition:

V. to profess a doctrine, belief, faith, creed.

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Word: ถือว่า

Short Definition:

V. to hold (the belief) that, to consider that.

English Definition:

V. to hold (the belief) that, to consider that.

Examples:

ศาลถือว่าจำเลยไม่มีความผิดจนกว่าจะมีข้อพิสูจน์เป็นอย่างอื่น The court held that the accused was innocent until it was proved otherwise. ผมถือว่าเขาเป็นผู้ที่มีบุญคุณต่อผม I regard him as my benefactor.

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Word: ถือศีล

Short Definition:

V. to observe religious precepts.

English Definition:

V. to observe religious precepts.

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Word: ถือสา

Short Definition:

V. to mind (something said or done), take offense.

English Definition:

V. to mind (something said or done), take offense.

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Word: ถือเอา

Short Definition:

V. to hold, to firmly believe.

English Definition:

V. to hold, to firmly believe.

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Word: ถือโอกาส

Short Definition:

V. to take the opportunity.

English Definition:

V. to take the opportunity.

Examples:

เขาถือโอกาสมาดูเอกสารส่วนตัวของผม He took the opportunity to look at my personal document.

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Word: ถุง

Short Definition:

N. a bag, sack, pouch.

English Definition:

N. a bag, a sack, a pouch.

L2 Definition:

ถุุงเงิน- a purse; ถุงเท้า- socks, hose; ถุงมือ- gloves.

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Word: ถุงเท้า

Short Definition:

N. socks, stockings.

English Definition:

N. socks, stockings.

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Word: ถุน

Short Definition:

V. slang. to smoke, to take just enough (drug) to be able to keep going.

English Definition:

V. slang. to smoke, to need a fix, to take just enough (drug) to be able to keep going.

L2 Definition:

ใต้ถุน (the ground or space under the floor of a house built on posts).

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Word: ถุย

Short Definition:

V. to spit, to expectorate; Onomat. from the sound made when spitting.

English Definition:

V. 1. to spit, to expectorate; 2. Onomat. from the sound made when spitting; 3. a sound uttered to spurn someone to show contempt.

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Word: ถู

Short Definition:

V. to rub, scrub, scratch.

English Definition:

V. to rub, to scrub, to scratch.

L2 Definition:

ถูลู่ถูกัง (forcefully, willy-nilly), ถูกัน (a condition of friction, grating or rubbing), ถูขัด (to burnish, to brighten, to clean (as silverware).

Examples:

เขาถูจนทองเหลืองเป็นเงา He rubbed until the brass shone. บังโคลนรถถูต้นไม้ไป The mudguard (fender, wing) of the car grazed the tree. ผมลากมันถูลู่ถูกังเข้าไปในห้อง I dragged him willy-nilly into the room.

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Word: ถูก

Short Definition:

V. to be cheap, inexpensive, low;to be right, correct; to touch, hit.

English Definition:

V. 1. to be cheap, inexpensive, low; 2. to be right, correct; 3. to touch, come in contact with, hit.

L2 Definition:

Syn. โดน (touch). ถูกต้อง (to be in accordance with, to be fitting, becoming or suitable), ถูกปรับ (to be fined, to be penalized), ถูกวางบาเบื่อ (to be poisoned), ข้าวถูก (rice at a cheap price), ซื้อถูกขายแพง (to buy cheaply and sell at an enhanced price), ถูกทำนอง (according to rule, custom, authority or tune), ถูกอกถูกใจ (to be well-pleasing in every respect).

Examples:

อย่ามาถูกฉัน Don't touch me. อย่าปล่อยให้ฟิล์มที่ยังไม่ได้ล้างถูกแสงแดด Don't leave undeveloped films exposed to sunlight. เขาถูกผ่าตัด He underwent an operation (He was operated upon). ผมยิงนกไม่ถูก I did not hit the bird. ผมไม่ทราบว่าผมเดาถูกหรือผิด I don't know whether my guess was a hit or a miss. เราเป็นเพื่อนที่ถูกคอกัน We are congenial friends. การใช้คำนี้ไม่ถูก Use of this word is not correct.

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Word: ถูกขูดรีด

Short Definition:

V. to be forced to take away (money, treasures).

English Definition:

V. to be forced to take away (money, treasures).

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Word: ถูกแขวนคอ

Short Definition:

V. to be hanged.

English Definition:

V. to be hanged.

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Word: ถูกจับ

Short Definition:

V. to be arrested.

English Definition:

V. to be arrested.

Examples:

พวกคนร้ายทั้งหมดถูกจับเมื่อวานนี้ All gangsters was arrested yesterday. พอเขาได้ยินว่าจะถูกจับไปเข้าคุกเข้าตะรางกันหมดแกก็เลยหนีไป As soon as he heard that everybody's going to get arrested and put in jail, he escaped.

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Word: ถูกโจมตี

Short Definition:

V. to be attacked.

English Definition:

V. to be attacked.

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Word: ถูกใจ

Short Definition:

V. to please, to be satisfactory; to be to one's liking.

English Definition:

V. to please, to be satisfactory; to be to one's liking.

Examples:

คุณทำถูกใจผมแท้ ๆ You have acted quite in accordance with my wish (my idea, my opinion).

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Word: ถูกต้มถูกตุ๋น

Short Definition:

V. elab. to be badly deceived.

English Definition:

V. elab. to be badly deceived.

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Word: ถูกต้อง

Short Definition:

V. to touch, to come in contact with; to be right, correct.

English Definition:

V. 1. to touch, to come in contact with; 2. to be right, correct.

Examples:

ในกรณีนี้การใช้อำนาจเป็นการถูกต้องทีเดียว In this case, use of power is quite justified.

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Word: ถูกต้องตามกฎหมาย

Short Definition:

Adj. legal, right according to the law.

English Definition:

Adj. legal, right according to the law.

Examples:

ในกรณีนี้การใช้อำนาจเป็นการถูกต้องตามกฎหมาย In this case, use of power is legal.

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Word: ถูกตี

Short Definition:

V. to be spanked.

English Definition:

V. to be spanked.

Examples:

เขาถูกตีจนฟกช้ำดำเขียว He was beaten black and blue.

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Word: ถูกทำลาย

Short Definition:

V. to be destroyed.

English Definition:

V. to be destroyed.

Examples:

ความหวังของฉันถูกทำลายเสียแล้ว My hopes have been destroyed (have been frustrated our design).

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Word: ถูกบาด

Short Definition:

V. to be cut.

English Definition:

V. to be cut.

Examples:

นิ้วของเขาถูกบาด His finger was cut.

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Word: ถูกเป๋ง

Short Definition:

precisely right.

English Definition:

precisely right.

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Word: ถูกโยน

Short Definition:

V. to be thrown.

English Definition:

V. to be thrown.

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Word: ถูกลวนลาม

Short Definition:

V. to be taken advantage of; to be harassed.

English Definition:

V. to be taken advantage of; to be harassed.

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Word: ถูกล้อ

Short Definition:

V. to be teased.

English Definition:

V. to be teased.

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Word: ถูกหาม

Short Definition:

V. to be carried.

English Definition:

V. to be carried.

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Word: ถูลู่ถูกัง

Short Definition:

V. to be dragged along with difficulty.

English Definition:

V. to be dragged along with difficulty.

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Word: เถอะ

Short Definition:

particle used to mark an exhortation or a command.

English Definition:

particle used to mark an exhortation or a command (variant of เถิด).

Examples:

มาเถอะ ดิฉันจะคอยคุณ Do come, I shall be waiting for you.

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Word: เถอะน่า

Short Definition:

a phrase used to urge, persuade, request (follows a verb).

English Definition:

a phrase used to urge, persuade, request (follows a verb).

Examples:

ไปกันเถอะน่า Come on....Let's go!

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Word: เถ้าแก่

Short Definition:

N. you, he, him (used for a respectable Chinese businessman).

English Definition:

N. 1. you, he, him (used for a respectable Chinese businessman); 2. a go-between who arranges a marriage.

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Word: เถ้าถ่าน

Short Definition:

N. ash.

English Definition:

N. ash.

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Word: เถียง

Short Definition:

V. to argue, contradict, talk back to, dispute, debate.

English Definition:

V. to argue, contradict, talk back to, dispute, debate.

L2 Definition:

เถียงกัน (to argue in an angry, boisterous manner, to wrangle), เถียงดื้อ ๆ (to defend one's opinion stubbornly in an argument), เถียงไม่ได้เรื่อง (to dispute without reason, to be disputatious, to be argumentative).

Examples:

ความจริงสมภารไม่ได้คิดจะเถียง The fact is, the abbot is not (even) considering to argue. เจ้าของร้านที่ฉลาดย่อมไม่เถียงผู้ที่มาอุดหนุน A wise shopkeeper never contradicts his customers. เขาเถียงคำไม่ตกฟาก He disputed every word (of mine). อย่ามาเถียงฉันนะ Don't you talk back to me.

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Word: เถือ

Short Definition:

V. to cut with a knife, to hack away (at something e.g. as with a dull knife).

English Definition:

V. to cut with a knife, to hack away (at something e.g. as with a dull knife).

Examples:

ฉันเถือเนื้อนี้ไม่ออกเพราะมีดทื่อ I cannot carve this meat because the knife is blunt. เธอยอมให้เขาเถือเนื้อครั้งแล้วครั้งเล่า She allowed him to sponge (to squeeze, to extort money from) her time and again.

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Word: เถื่อน

Short Definition:

Adj. illicit, wild.

English Definition:

Adj. 1. illicit; 2. wild.

L2 Definition:

ฝิ่นเถื่อน (illicit opium), เหล้าเถื่อน (bootleg whiskey), ไก่เถื่อน (a wild fowl).

Examples:

ตำรวจจับฝิ่นเถื่อนได้รายใหญ่ The police made a large haul of illicit opium.

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Word: แถบ

Short Definition:

N. a stripe, a bar, a tab, a tag, a band; a rupee; vicinity, zone, band.

English Definition:

N. 1. a stripe, a strip, a bar, a tab, a tag, a band; 2. a rupee; 3. neighborhood, vicinity, zone, band.

L2 Definition:

คนละแถบ (one on a side), แถบขวาเรือ (along the right side of the boat), แถบบน (the upper region or quarter), แถบเหนือ (the northern region), อยู่แถบนั้น (living or staying somewhere there), ครึ่งแถบ (half the width of-), ผ้าแถบหนึ่ง (a strip of cloth), แพรแถบนี้ (this piece of silk).

Examples:

เขาอยู่แถบนี้ He lives in this neighborhood. ประเทศไทยอยู่ในแถบร้อน Thailand is in the tropical zone. เรากระจายเสียงในแถบคลื่น ๑๖ เมตร We broadcast in the 16 meter band.

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Word: แถบนั้น

Short Definition:

that area.

English Definition:

that area.

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Word: แถม

Short Definition:

V. to add on (to) for good measure, to compliment.

English Definition:

V. to add on (to) for good measure, to compliment.

L2 Definition:

แถมพก (to give with the compliments of, to give for the sake of goodwill), แถมให้ (something thrown in to manifest the unselfishness of the seller, a gratuity).

Examples:

คุณจะได้เงินเดือนเดือนละห้าพันบาทแถมโบนัส You will get a monthly salary of five thousand, plus a bonus. ซื้อหนึ่งขวดแถมหนึ่งขวด If you buy one bottle, you will get another bottle in addition (as a premium, for good measure).

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Word: แถลง

Short Definition:

V. to issue a statement, to announce.

English Definition:

V. to issue a statement, to announce.

L2 Definition:

แถลงการณ์, ประกาศ, แจ้ง (an official statement). แถลงไข (to expound, to interpret, to clear of obscurity, legal to answer (as a charge or indictment)).

Examples:

รัฐบาลแถลงความจำนงว่าจะลาออก The government announced its intention to resign. ทนายโจทก์ได้แถลงคดีของตนแล้ว Attorney for the plaintiff (complainant) has stated his case. ศาลแถลงว่าคดีไม่มีมูล The court declared that there was no prima facie evidence for the charge.

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Word: แถลงการณ์

Short Definition:

V. to proclaim, to announce; N. proclamation, announcement.

English Definition:

V. to proclaim, to announce; N. proclamation, announcement.

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Word: แถลงการณ์ร่วม

Short Definition:

N. joint statement.

English Definition:

N. joint statement.

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Word: แถว

Short Definition:

N. C. line, row; section, district (of a town, place).

English Definition:

N. C. 1. line, row; 2. section, district (of a town, place).

L2 Definition:

แถวหน้า (front or first in line (as by rank or rating)), เรือนเป็น แถวๆ (houses placed in a row, or side by side), แถวป่า (along the range or edge of a water-way).

Examples:

ที่นั่งแถวหน้าจองไว้สำหรับรัฐมนตรี Seats in the front row were reserved for ministers of state. ทางเข้าโบสถ์มีพระพุทธรูปเป็นแถว The entrance to the temple was lined with a row of Buddhas. แถวนี้ไม่มีร้านขายเครื่องถ่ายรูป There were no photographic dealers in this neighborhood.

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Word: แถวนั้น

Short Definition:

that section, area.

English Definition:

that section, area.

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Word: แถวนี้

Short Definition:

this area, neighborhood, vicinity.

English Definition:

this area, neighborhood, vicinity.

Examples:

แถวนี้ไม่มีร้านขายเครื่องถ่ายรูป There are no photographic dealers in this neighborhood.

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Word: ไถ

Short Definition:

V. to plough, to plow, to till the ground; N. a plough.

English Definition:

V. to plough, to plow, to till the ground; N. a plough.

L2 Definition:

คันไถ (a plough-handle), แถกไถ (to push with great effort (while ploughing)).

Examples:

เขาเช่ารถแทรกเตอร์ไถนา. He hired a tractor to plough his field. มันมาไถเงินไปจากผมเป็นครั้งเป็นคราว. He occasionally squeezed money out of me.

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Word: ไถนา

Short Definition:

V. to plow (the field).

English Definition:

V. to plow (the field).

Examples:

เขาเช่ารถแทร็กเตอร์ไถนา He hired a tractor to plough his field.

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Word: ไถ่

Short Definition:

V. to redeem, to ransom.

English Definition:

V. to redeem, to ransom, to purchase back.

L2 Definition:

Same as "ไถย" (used in a mocking sense). ไถ่ถอน- to re-purchase pledged goods (as getting them out of the pawn); ไถ่โทษ- to atone for, to redeem (from sin or punishment).

Examples:

ของจำนำร้อยละเก้าสิบไม่มีการไถ่ถอน Ninety percent of pledged goods are never redeemed. ผู้ร้ายที่ลักพาคนไปเรียกค่าไถ่บอกให้ทิ้งเงินค่าไถ่ไว้บนหาดทราย The kidnappers say that the ransom money must be left on the beach. ทาสเป็นจำนวนไม่น้อยไถ่ตัวเอง Not a few slaves deemed themselves.

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Word:

Short Definition:

The twenty-third consonant in the Thai alphabet.

English Definition:

The twenty-third consonant in the Thai alphabet, a low class letter of which there are twenty-four. ทอ-ทหาร is the name of this letter. It is pronounced as the English "t" and the Sanskrit and Pali equivalent of "ดะ".

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Word: ทดน้ำ

Short Definition:

V. to irrigate a field (by flooding), to dam up with, to pump up water.

English Definition:

V. to irrigate a field (by flooding), to dam up water, to pump up water, to supply irrigation, to irrigate.

Examples:

เขาทดน้ำสำหรับใช้ในฤดูแล้ง He dammed up the water for use during the dry season.

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Word: ทดรอง

Short Definition:

V. to pay in the expectation that one will be reimbursed, to advance, to loan.

English Definition:

V. to pay in the expectation that one will be reimbursed, to advance, to give credit, to loan.

Examples:

ผมได้จ่ายเงินค่าที่พักของผมทดรองไปก่อน แล้วจึงจะเอาใบสำคัญไปเบิกเงิน จากกระทรวงการคลัง I have paid my hotel expenses (with my own money), and will take the vouchers to the Ministry of Finance for reimbursement.

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Word: ทดลอง

Short Definition:

V. to try, to experiment.

English Definition:

V. to try, to experiment.

Examples:

เขากำลังทดลองทำเลนซ์สำหรับกล้องถ่ายรูปด้วยกระจกเงา He is experimenting with mirror optics for cameras. ผมจะทดลองดูเขาสักปีหนึ่ง I shall try him for a year.

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Word: ทน

Short Definition:

V. to last, endure, bear, tolerate, put up with, withstand, resist, be durable.

English Definition:

V. 1. to last, endure; 2. to bear, stand, tolerate, put up with; 3. to stand, withstand, resist; 4. to be durable, lasting.

L2 Definition:

ทนกรรม- to bear the inevitable results of sin; ทนด่า- to tolerate being cursed; ทนแดดทนฝน- to brook inclement weather; ทนทุกข์- to endure suffering, trouble or adversity; ทนเยาะเย้ย- to endure ridicule; ทนทาน- durable, enduring, permanent, stedfast, firm, strong; เหนียวทน- flexible and leathery, tough and durable (as rope or wire).

Examples:

ฉันทนเขาไม่ไหว I can't stand him (He is intolerable). ดิฉันทนหัวเราะไม่ไหว I could not refrain from (I could not forbear, I could not help) laughing.

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Word: ทนทาน

Short Definition:

Adj. durable, enduring, lasting, proof against.

English Definition:

Adj. durable, enduring, lasting, proof against.

Examples:

รถยนต์สมัยใหม่นั้น เขาไม่ทำให้ทนทาน Modern cars are not made to last. เครื่องรับโทรทัศน์นี้จะทนทานไปหลายปี This television set will last many years.

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Word: ทนทุกข์ทรมาน

Short Definition:

V. to suffer.

English Definition:

V. to suffer.

Examples:

เขาจะต้องทนทุกข์ทรมานอยู่ในนรก He will suffer in hell.

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Word: ทนาย

Short Definition:

N. a lawyer, attorney, counselor-at-law.

English Definition:

N. a lawyer, an attorney, a barrister-at-law, a solicitor, a counselor-at-law.

Examples:

ผมไม่ใช่เป็นทนายเขาดอก I am not holding a brief for him. เขาเป็นทนายให้ชนชั้นกรรมกรในหนังสือพิมพ์ He pleaded for the working classes in the press.

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Word: ทบ.

Short Definition:

N. Soldier (Army).

English Definition:

N. Soldier (Army).

L2 Definition:

ทหารบก (สีเขียว).

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Word: ทบต้น

Short Definition:

N. accumulated interest on a loan.

English Definition:

N. accumulated interest on a loan.

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Word: ทยอย

Short Definition:

V. to come or go in succession, in successive groups, a part/few at a time.

English Definition:

V. to come or go in succession, in successive groups, a part at a time, a few at a time.

L2 Definition:

(ทะ-ยอย)

Examples:

รถทยอยกันข้ามสะพาน The cars crossed the bridge one after another.

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Word: ทยอยกัน

Short Definition:

V. to come or go in succession, in successive groups.

English Definition:

V. to come or go in succession, in successive groups.

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Word: ทร.

Short Definition:

N. sailor, navy.

English Definition:

N. sailor,navy.

L2 Definition:

ทหารเรือ.

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Word: ทรง

Short Definition:

N. V. shape, form, to remain, to support, to have, to be possessed by.

English Definition:

N. V. 1. shape, form, style; 2. to main, to maintain, to continue, to keep oneself going, to keep one's balance; 3. to support, to sustain; 4. to have, to possess; 5. (of a medium) to be possessed by, to be in communication with (a spirit), to consult (an oracle).

L2 Definition:

(ซง)

Examples:

เธอชอบทรงผมญี่ปุ่น She liked the hair style of Japanese. อาการคนไข้ยังทรงอยู่ The condition of the patient remains unchanged. ธรรมย่อมทรงผู้ประพฤติธรรม Dharma sustains those who practice dharma. เขาเป็นผู้ทรงไว้ชึ่งความยุติธรรม ็He was an upholder of justice. คนทรงกำลังทรงเจ้า The medium is in communication with a spirit.

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Word: ทรง (ราชาศัพท์)

Short Definition:

V. (of royalty) 1. to perform an action; 2. to have, possess, be possessed of.

English Definition:

V. (of royalty) 1. when used before a noun, ทรง has the force of a verb, the term becoming an intransitive verb or an adjective with a meaning appropriate to the object, as ทรงราชย์ to ascend the throne, ทรงธรรม to attend a sermon. 2. when used before a verb to form a verb, as ทรงทราบ to learn, to know, ทรงพูด to say.

Examples:

สมเด็จพระเจ้าลูกเธอ เจ้าฟ้าจุฬาภรณวลัยลักษณ์ ทรงกดปุ่มเปิดงาน Her Royal Highness Chulabhorn tuned on the switch to open the ceremony.

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Word: ทรงกาย

Short Definition:

V. to balance oneself, maintain one's balance.

English Definition:

V. to balance oneself, maintain one's balance.

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Word: ทรมาน

Short Definition:

V. to torment, torture, harass, be cruel.

English Definition:

V. to torment, torture, harass, be cruel.

L2 Definition:

(ทอ-ระ-มาน) ทรมานร่างกาย (to mortify the flesh (as by fasting)), ทรมานสัตว์ (cruelty to animals).

Examples:

เขาถูกทรมานจนตาย He was tortured to death. เธอทรมานฉันเหลือเกิน You are tormenting me to the limit. ผมได้ประสบความทรมานมาหลายครั้งหลายหน I have had many trying (harrowing) experiences. การทรมานสัตว์เป็นการฝ่าฝืนกฏหมาย Cruelty to animals is against the law.

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In memory of Dr. Robert Cutler

Unicode Translation by Dr. Robert Cutler


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